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With over two-and-a-half centuries of industry expertise, we take pride in being your go-to source for specialty chemical solids. Our product line is carefully selected from top-tier manufacturers across the globe, ensuring quality and reliability. Whether you need a small R&D quantity or full production lots, we will work with you to ensure your needs are met.

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Product Name
Description
Activated Carbon / Carbon Powder
Activated Carbon / Carbon Powder
Activated carbon, also called activated charcoal, is highly porous, contributing to its very large surface area. Its surface is also very reactive. It is a very useful adsorbent used in many filter systems to purify, dechlorinate, deodorize, and decolorize both liquid and vapor applications. Activated carbon is usually derived from waste products such as coconut or wood, where bulk sources are converted into charcoal before being 'activated.' Activated carbon from coal is referred to as activated coal. Activated carbons are economical adsorbents for many industries and purposes. Different types of activated carbon are suited for various specialized applications, with grade and size-specific applications.
Additive Manufacturing Powders
Additive Manufacturing Powders

Reade is proud to offer cutting-edge powders designed for many additive manufacturing applications. Our additive powders are meticulously crafted using state-of-the-art atomization technology. These metal additive powders have undergone rigorous testing and have proven their grit in various additive processes. Whether it's powder bed fusion, direct energy deposition, or binder jet technology, our powders consistently deliver exceptional performance, making them a reliable choice for diverse applications. Embracing metal additive manufacturing processes, often called metal 3D printing, marks a paradigm shift in design freedom, cost-effective manufacturing, and supply chain optimization. These proven processes are revolutionizing industries such as aerospace, oil and gas, automotive, energy, and medical sectors, allowing for the swift and efficient development and deployment of high-performance parts.

Almond Shell Powder and Granules
Almond Shell Powder and Granules
Almond Shell Powder and Granules are natural organic materials that are odorless. They qualify as organic, vegan, and halal and are fully biodegradable.
Alumina / Aluminum Oxide (Al₂O₃)
Alumina / Aluminum Oxide (Al₂O₃)

Aluminum Oxide (Al₂O₃), or alumina, is one of the most versatile refractory ceramic oxides that finds use in a wide range of applications. It is white, amorphous, and inert. It is the most common technical ceramic material used today. The versatility of alumina stems from its broadly impressive material properties, ease of manufacture, wide availability, and budget-friendly cost. It has high heat resistance, high thermal conductivity, high strength and hardness, high electrical insulation, high corrosion resistance and is biocompatible. Purities available range from 95% (industrial grade) to 99.999% (high purity grade) and the product is also available to MIL-A-22262B.

Aluminum (Al) Alloy Powders
Aluminum (Al) Alloy Powders
Commercially available P/M aluminum alloy powder compositions consist of pre-alloyed atomized aluminum powders, including various alloying elements such as zinc, copper, magnesium, manganese, titanium, and silicon. Typical aluminum alloys include AA 2000, 4000, 5000, 6000, 7000, and 8000 series high-purity aluminum (99.9%+). Aluminum Alloy Powder Size Range is 5-200 Microns. Additive Manufacturing aluminum alloy powders are available with a particle size distribution of -53/+15 microns. Additive Manufacturing aluminum alloy powder with a coarser grade is also available in a particle size range of -65/+20 microns.
Aluminum (Al) Chopped Wire
Aluminum (Al) Chopped Wire
Aluminum wire cut into pieces. Purities are available from as high of a typical purity of 99.99% down to low-purity recycled scrap aluminum alloys. EC Chops are available in a wide range of sizes.
Aluminum (Al) Metal
Aluminum (Al) Metal
Pure aluminum is a lightweight silvery-white metal. It is soft and malleable with a low density. It is non-toxic and with high tensile strength. It has high thermal conductivity and excellent corrosion resistance and can be easily cast, machined, and formed. It is non-magnetic and non-sparking. Weight for weight is twice as good as a conductor of electricity as copper. Purities are available from as high of a typical purity of 99.996% down for some granulations to low-purity recycled scrap aluminum alloys.
Aluminum-Beryllium (Al-Be) Alloy
Aluminum-Beryllium (Al-Be) Alloy
Al-Be combines the high modulus and low density of beryllium with the strength, ductility, and fabrication ability of aluminum. Al-Be alloys have physical and mechanical properties that exceed standard aluminum alloys. Its mechanical stability, dampening, thermal management, and reduced weight are all enhanced. The alloy has a high modulus-to-density ratio (3.8 times that of aluminum or steel), greatly reducing the chance of flexure and mechanical failure.
Aluminum Bronze-Spherical
Aluminum Bronze-Spherical
Aluminum bronze is a copper-based alloy of which aluminum is the main alloying metal added to copper. The aluminum adds strength, corrosion resistance, hardness, resistance to wear and galling, low magnetic permeability, resistance to cavitation, erosion, softening, and oxidation at elevated temperatures. Aluminum bronze also offers an ease of weldability. These spherical aluminum bronze powders offer excellent packing density, low viscosity mixing, and predictable flow rates.
Aluminum Carbide (Al₄C₃)
Aluminum Carbide (Al₄C₃)
Aluminum Carbide (Al₄C₃) is a powder yellow-green in color with a hexagonal crystal structure that is a reducing agent. It decomposes in dilute acid and decomposes to produce CH4 in cold water. It has approximately the same hardness as topaz.
Aluminum Metal Foam
Aluminum Metal Foam
Aluminum metal foam is a fully customizable rigid, opened pore three-dimensional network of interconnected solid aluminum ligaments. The aluminum foam has a high strength-to-weight ratio, strong compression strength, and a high surface area per unit volume.
Aluminum Nitride (AlN)
Aluminum Nitride (AlN)
Aluminum Nitride (AlN) is a hard white crystalline solid with high thermal stability (Melting point of 2200ºC), high resistance, and low porosity. It is a ceramic with high–thermal conductivity and a low thermal expansion coefficient. It is used as an electronic substrate due to its high electrical resistance, low dielectric constant, and wide bandgap. Aluminum nitride component typical value = >96%
Aluminum Titanate (Al₂TiO₅)
Aluminum Titanate (Al₂TiO₅)

Aluminum titanate, or aluminum titanium oxide, is a ceramic material consisting of a mixture of alumina (Al₂O₃) and titania (TiO₂) that has high thermal shock resistance (a very low coefficient of thermal expansion), low thermal conductivity, and optimal chemical resistance to molten metals. Granulations are available from 150 microns and finer. Purities from 99.0% to 99.9%

American Tripoli (Silicon Dioxide)
American Tripoli (Silicon Dioxide)

Tripoli powder is a rose or cream-colored, free-flowing non-metallic odorless powder insoluble in water. Tripoli, whose chemical name is silicon dioxide, is a highly porous lightweight material that can easily be cut with a fingernail and crumbled into a fine powder between the fingertips; however, the individual grains (usually 0.01 millimeters or more refined) are so strong they will scratch steel.

Ammonium Perchlorate (NH₄ClO₄)
Ammonium Perchlorate (NH₄ClO₄)

Ammonium perchlorate is a white, odorless, crystalline powder with the chemical formula NH₄ClO₄. It is a powerful oxidizer that can readily provide oxygen to support combustion. Ammonium perchlorate is stable under normal conditions; however, proper safety measures should be taken when working with ammonium perchlorate as it can react violently with certain chemicals, and its dust can be explosive. Reade offers ammonium perchlorate in three granulations and per MIL-A-192B. Custom granulations down to 50 microns are available upon request. Typical Assay as NH₄ClO₄: 98.8% Min.

Ammonium Persulfate (NH₄)₂S₂O₈
Ammonium Persulfate (NH₄)₂S₂O₈
Ammonium persulfate (NH₄)₂S₂O₈ is a white, odorless, crystalline powder that is a powerful oxidizing agent. Ammonium persulfate can be a hazardous material if not handled properly. It can cause skin irritation and eye damage upon contact, and its dust can be explosive when exposed to a spark or flame. Therefore, proper safety measures should always be taken when working with ammonium persulfate.
Amorphous Carbons (C)
Amorphous Carbons (C)
Amorphous carbons include Carbon Black, Furnace Black, and Channel Black. They are black pigments produced by the thermal decomposition of natural hydrocarbons. These are free and reactive carbons with no crystalline structure. Reade offers furnace black. Nominal purity= 98.5 to 99.6% Available in bead, ground, and powder form with particle sizes ranging from 16 to 280 nanometers.
Andalusite (Al₂iO₅)
Andalusite (Al₂iO₅)
Andalusite is an aluminum silicate mineral that is a polymorph with two other minerals; kyanite and sillimanite. SiO₂= 56 - 75.0%, Al₂O₃=19.3 - 39.68% Purities are available from as high of a typical purity of 99.99% down to low purity powder. Typically 94 to 98.5%
Anthracite Filtration Media
Anthracite Filtration Media
This anthracite is thoroughly selected from anthracite, which yields the highest percentage of carbon. It is then hydraulically classified to reduce mineral matter and ash to a minimum and finally screened and washed to ensure suitability for filtration purposes. Anthracite properties deflect water absorption, which facilitates nano-filtration. Its irregular shape allows a free water flow, with a higher flow and less pressure drop than sand alone. It is perfect for use in water filtration systems. It is often used with sand as one of the most efficient ways to restore water for drinking or use.
Antimony (Sb)
Antimony (Sb)
Antimony (Sb) is a semi-metal that is bluish-white, extremely brittle, and flaky. It is a poor conductor of heat and electricity. Purities available from 99.99% to 99.999%
Antimony Tin Oxide (ATO)
Antimony Tin Oxide (ATO)
Antimony Tin Oxide (ATO) is a sustainable material due to its unique properties. ATO is an environmentally friendly alternative to Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) as a transparent conductor, which is widely used in touchscreens, flat-panel displays, and solar cells. ATO is made from readily available and low-cost raw materials, and its production does not generate hazardous waste or harmful byproducts. In addition, ATO is highly durable and can be recycled, making it a promising candidate for a circular economy. As a conductor with high optical transparency, ATO is an attractive option for a wide range of applications in the electronics industry. Its ability to be produced sustainably and recycled makes it an environmentally friendly choice for companies looking to reduce their Carbon footprint and contribute to a circular economy.
Antimony(III) Oxide (Sb₂O₃) / Antimony(V) Oxide (Sb₂O₅)
Antimony(III) Oxide (Sb₂O₃) / Antimony(V) Oxide (Sb₂O₅)
Antimony(III) Oxide (Sb₂O₃) (Antimony trioxide) is a white solid and is the most important commercial compound of antimony. Antimony(V) Oxide (Sb₂O₅) (Antimony pentoxide) is a yellow powdery solid that is very slightly soluble in water.
Antimony(III) Sulfide (Sb₂S₃)
Antimony(III) Sulfide (Sb₂S₃)

Antimony(III) Sulfide (Sb₂S₃), or Antimony Trisulfide, is the most common antimony mineral and the chief source of the metal. It is a black needle-like crystal and semiconductor with a direct band gap of 1.8–2.5 eV. Purity: 98.0% up to 99.99% Powder sized down to nanometers

Apricot, Peach, and Plum Stone Powder
Apricot, Peach, and Plum Stone Powder
Apricot, Peach, and Plum Stone Powder are natural organic materials that are odorless. They qualify as organic, vegan, and halal and are fully biodegradable. Fruit stone shells are mostly comprised of insoluble fibers. They are a versatile base material and additive due to their neutral smell.
Argan Shell
Argan Shell
Argan shells are the shells of the seed inside the argan fruit. It is an odorless natural organic material, and the powder qualifies as vegan and halal. The trees, Argania spinosa, bearing the fruit, are found almost exclusively in Southern Morocco, and the fruit is considered a precious raw material due to its limited yearly yield. Physical state: Solid (powder or granules) Color: reddish/brown Odor: Slight to neutral pH: Neutral Flashpoint: > 100ºC Solubility in water: Limited solubility, water-repellent surface Incompatibility with other products: None Hazardous decomposition or by-products: Will not occur
Attapulgite (Fuller's Earth Clay)
Attapulgite (Fuller's Earth Clay)

Attapulgite is a naturally mined clay. It is one of the main types of Fuller's Earth Clay. These clays can decolorize oil or other liquids without harsh chemical treatments. Attapulgite has very good colloidal properties. These include specific features in dispersion, high-temperature endurance, and salt and alkali resistance. Attapulgite also has certain plastic and adhesive characteristics.

Avocado Stone
Avocado Stone

Avocado stone is a natural organic material with most of the nutrients contained in its large, heavy stone. It is richer in amino acids, vitamins, and soluble fibers than any other fruit or vegetable. Avocado stone has a high antioxidant content making it attractive for many herbal remedies and anti-aging formulations. The powder has a somewhat nutty flavor. Due to its relatively high oil content, it should be eaten and processed in a fresh state.

Babbitt Metal
Babbitt Metal

Babbitt metals are one of several alloys used for the bearing surface in a plain bearing. Babbitt metals are characterized by their resistance to galling. The Babbitt metals provide sufficient softness for excellent conformability and embeddability, offering good fluid-forming properties. They are easily cast, can be rigidly bonded to Cast Iron, Steel, or Bronze, run satisfactorily against a Steel shaft, and show excellent corrosion resistance. Babbitting is a process by which softer metals are bonded chemically or mechanically to a shell or stiffener, which supports the weight and torsion of a rotating, oscillating, or sliding shaft. All Babbitt metals are available as Ingot.

Barium Ferrite
Barium Ferrite

Barium Ferrite (BaFe, BaFe₁₂2O₁₉) is a metal oxide that is a highly magnetic material and has a high packing density. The material is resistant to temperature change, corrosion, and oxidation, making it useful for long-term storage. Purity: 99.5%

Barium Fluoride (BaF₂)
Barium Fluoride (BaF₂)
Barium Fluoride (BaF₂) is a white, crystalline solid highly transparent to ultraviolet and infrared radiation, making it an excellent material for optical components. Barium fluoride is a good electrical insulator with high thermal stability, making it useful in high-temperature applications. It is chemically stable and resistant to many acids, bases, and other corrosive substances. Powder Typical Purity: 98.0% min. Pieces Typical Purity: 99.9%
Barium Sulfate (BaSO₄)
Barium Sulfate (BaSO₄)
Barium Sulfate (BaSO₄), otherwise known as Blanc Fixe, is a heavy, white insoluble powder that is odorless and tasteless. It has a strong ability for absorbing X-rays, with X-rays being impermeable to it. Purity 92.0% to 99.0%
Barium Titanate (BaTiO₂)
Barium Titanate (BaTiO₂)
Barium Titanate (BaTiO₂), barium titanium oxide, is a white crystalline solid with a melting point of 1,625ºC. It is widely used in electronic ceramics because it exhibits ferroelectric and piezoelectric properties with a photorefractive effect. It is insoluble in water but soluble in dilute acids and concentrated acids. It is a dielectric ceramic that can become semiconductors when doped with small amounts of transition metals like scandium, yttrium, neodymium, and samarium. Purity: 99.8% to 99.9%
Basalt
Basalt

The basalts are hard, dense fine-grained rocks of very dark color- green or black, composed mainly of plagioclase and pyroxene. Basalt can be made into fine, superfine, and ultra-fine fibers. Basalt fibers are considered superior to other fibers in terms of thermal stability, heat and sound insulation properties, vibration resistance, and durability. They offer the prospect of a completely new range of composite materials and products.

Bauxite
Bauxite

Bauxite is a rock with high aluminum content. Bauxite is a generic name for deposits composed of one or more hydrated aluminum oxide mineral species. Bauxite contains many impurities, such as silica, iron and titanium oxides, and other elements, mostly in minor or trace amounts. There are four basic grades of bauxite- Chemical grade- (55-58% min. pure), Abrasive grade- (55% min. pure), Refractory grade- (59-61% min. pure), and Metallurgical grade- (50-55% min. pure). Bauxites are typically classified according to their intended commercial application: metallurgical, abrasive, cement, chemical and refractory.

Purities available from 98% (industrial grade) to 99.999% (high purity grade)

Bentonite / Montmorillonite Clay
Bentonite / Montmorillonite Clay

Bentonite is an absorbent swelling clay consisting mostly of montmorillonite (a type of smectite) which can either be Sodium (Na)-montmorillonite or Calcium (Ca)-montmorillonite. Na-montmorillonite has a considerably greater swelling capacity than Ca-montmorillonite. As a swelling clay, bentonite can absorb large quantities of water, which increases its volume by up to a factor of eight.

Beryllia / Beryllium Oxide (BeO)
Beryllia / Beryllium Oxide (BeO)

Beryllium oxide (BeO), also known as beryllia, is an inorganic compound that is a white crystalline solid and has a unique combination of thermal, electrical, optical, and mechanical properties. Beryllia is an electrical insulator and an excellent thermal conductor, with conductivity higher than any other non-metal except diamond and many metals. It is an ideal material for applications requiring large heat dissipation and dielectric and mechanical strength. Beryllia’s high melting point leads to its use as a refractory material.

Note: Beryllium oxide is toxic; beryllium oxide ceramics are not toxic.

Available purity 99.5%, 99.7%, and 99.98% trace metals basis

Beryllium (Be) Metal
Beryllium (Be) Metal

Beryllium is a silvery-white metal that is relatively soft and has a low density. Although it is the lightest structural metal, it has high tensile strength and stiffness. It has one of the highest melting points of light metals. At ordinary temperatures, beryllium resists oxidation in air and is resistant to concentrated nitric acid. Beryllium is nonmagnetic, offers excellent electrical and thermal conductivity, has a high heat capacity, and can take a high polish. Purity 98.0% up to 99.9999% pure, along with Be alloys

Beryllium Copper
Beryllium Copper

Beryllium Copper is a bronze-colored versatile high-strength copper-based alloy that has high electrical and thermal conductivity and high ductility. It is non-magnetic and non-sparking. It has good corrosion and oxidation resistance. It has excellent metalworking, forming, and machining qualities and can be stamped into complex shapes with tight tolerances

Bismuth (Bi) Metal
Bismuth (Bi) Metal
Bismuth (Bi) is hard, brittle, lustrous, and coarsely gray crystalline with a reddish tinge and of a high density. While it is a poor conductor of electricity, bismuth has the greatest increase in electrical resistance when placed in a magnetic field of any metal. Bismuth's thermal conductivity is lower than all other metals except mercury. Purities available from 99% up to 99.999% Bismuth needles are available with a purity of 99.9%
Bismuth Ferrite (BiFeO₃)
Bismuth Ferrite (BiFeO₃)
Bismuth ferrite (BiFeO₃), referred to as BFO, is an inorganic, synthesized, lead-free piezoelectric material that has multiferroic properties at room temperature and exhibits a ferroelectric photovoltaic (FPV) effect.
Bismuth Oxide (Bi₂O₃)
Bismuth Oxide (Bi₂O₃)
Bismuth(III) Oxide (Bi₂O₃) is the most industrially vital compound of bismuth. It is a highly insoluble and thermally stable Bismuth source suitable for glass, optic, and ceramic applications Purities available from 98% (industrial grade) to 99.9995% (ultra high purity grade)
Bismuth(III) Telluride (Bi₂Te₃)
Bismuth(III) Telluride (Bi₂Te₃)
Bismuth(III) Telluride (Bi₂Te₃) is a gray or black crystalline solid or gray powder that possesses excellent semiconductor activity. It is widely regarded as one of the best materials for room-temperature thermoelectric devices. Undoped Purity: 99.999%
BLACK BEAUTY® Abrasive
BLACK BEAUTY® Abrasive

This coal slag quickly cuts through surfaces faster than other abrasives while being environmentally friendly and leaving minimal dust with low free silica attributes (contains less than .01% free silica). BLACK BEAUTY® Abrasive black boiler slag is a highly effective blasting medium with a lower cost, making it a more economical option. BLACK BEAUTY® abrasive raw materials are sourced from stringent sources that meet environmental standards, including the most stringent abrasive specifications in the market. The fine and extra fine grades of BLACK BEAUTY® abrasive are military QPL approved to specification MIL-A-22262B(SH).

Black Nickel Oxide - Nickel(III) Oxide (Ni₂O₃)
Black Nickel Oxide - Nickel(III) Oxide (Ni₂O₃)

Black Nickel Oxide, Nickel(III) Oxide (Ni₂O₃), is a powerful and refractory colorant that can produce gray, blue and yellow. It has a high surface area and high chemical reactivity.

Bone Char
Bone Char

Bone Char is a granular material produced by charring bovine bones: the bones are heated to high temperatures (in the range of 400 to 500 °C), and a unique form of activated carbon is created. Bone char consists mainly of calcium phosphate (Ca₃(PO₄)₂), Calcium Carbonate (CaCO₃), and a small amount of carbon (~12%); however, the quality of the bone chars is controlled by the amount of oxygen present in the charring atmosphere. Bone chars usually have a lower surface area than activated carbons but present high adsorptive capacities for copper, zinc, and cadmium. The carbonized material possesses great mechanical strength and improved adsorption of many chemicals, e.g., Fluorine, Chlorine, Lead, and many more.

Boron Aluminide (BAl)
Boron Aluminide (BAl)
Boron aluminide is an intermetallic alloy of boron and aluminum with properties similar to both ceramic and metal.
Boron Amorphous (B)
Boron Amorphous (B)

Boron (B) is a semi-metal of which several allotropes exist. Boron is very hard and very resistant to heat. One main allotrope is a brown amorphous powder when pure. It is more reactive than crystalline boron as it slowly oxidizes in the air and can react violently with acid. Military Specifications: MIL-B-51092 (ORD), PA-PD-451, OS 11608 Grade I SB95 (93%-97% Boron purity) Particle Size range 0.8 micron max FSSS Grade II SB90 (90%-92% Boron purity) Particle Size range 1.0 micron max FSSS Grade III SB86 (86%-89.9% Boron purity) Particle Size range 1.2 micron max FSSS SB2000 (55%-77% Boron purity)

Boron Carbide (B₄C)
Boron Carbide (B₄C)
Boron carbide, or "black diamond", is an extremely hard ceramic material that is a black crystal with a metallic luster. It has physical properties, including hardness, that rank only second to diamond. It is a high-performance abrasive material that is chemically resistant. It has a melting point of 2350ºC high thermal neutron capture capability, is wear-resisting, and has semiconducting properties.
Boron Crystalline (B)
Boron Crystalline (B)
Boron (B) is a semi-metal that is very hard and resistant to heat, of which there are several allotropes. Crystalline boron is a black, lustrous semiconductor almost chemically inert at ordinary temperatures. This crystalline form is the second hardest of all the elements and has one of the highest melting temperatures. Purity: Crystalline Boron Powder: 99% Crystalline Boron Powder: 99.9% Crystalline Boron Powder: 99.99%
Boron Oxide / Boric Acid Powder (B₂O₃)
Boron Oxide / Boric Acid Powder (B₂O₃)
Boron Oxide, also referred to as Boric Acid, B₂O₃, is white, hard, glassy solid, also known as diboron trioxide. It is almost always amorphic. When hydrated, it reverts to boric acid. Its properties allow boric acid to be used to increase thermal resistance and mechanical strength. Purities are available from 98% (industrial grade) to 99.9995% (high purity grade)
Brass Metal (Cu-Zn)
Brass Metal (Cu-Zn)
A bright alloy consisting mainly of copper (over 50%) and zinc. This alloy is used across multiple industries. Each variation has differing properties, with lower zinc content variations being more ductile and higher zinc variations being harder and stronger. All varieties have excellent machinability, are ductile, corrosion-resistant, and have high electrical conductivity and a low friction nature.
Bronze (Cu:Sn) Powder
Bronze (Cu:Sn) Powder
Bronze is an alloy made from copper and tin. Typically, bronze powder comprises 90% Copper (Cu) and 10% Tin (Sn). The bronze powder can be mixed with a binder to make metallic oil paint. Pre-Alloy Bronze: Copper and tin that has been alloyed pre atomization and is available in irregular, semi-spherical, and spherical particle shape. The individual properties of the pre-alloy bronze products will vary with the different particle shapes. PreMix Bronze: Premix bronze powders are a homogeneous mixture of copper, tin, graphite, iron, and lubricants, typically used for sintered bronze bearings and bushings. White Bronze: White bronze is an alloy made from 60% copper and 40% tin alloy. It is an atomized bronze powder.
Buckypaper
Buckypaper
Buckypaper is a macroscopic aggregate of thin sheets of aggregated carbon nanotubes. It is one-tenth the weight of steel, but up to 500 times stronger, with the ability to conduct electricity and disperse heat. Buckypaper has low optical reflectivity and thermal conductivity.
Burundum Grinding Media
Burundum Grinding Media

Burundum gives you a high-density, long-wearing, non-contaminating industrial grinding media that resists chemical, thermal, and mechanical shock. Burundum Grinding Media is nonporous, nonconductive, and nonmagnetic, making it ideal for wet or dry grinding.

Cadmium Telluride (CdTe)
Cadmium Telluride (CdTe)
Cadmium Telluride (CdTe) is a brownish-black cubic crystalline compound that is a photonic material. It oxidizes on prolonged exposure to moist air and is insoluble in water and mineral acids except for nitric acid, in which it decomposes. It is etched by many acids, including hydrochloric and hydrobromic acid, forming (toxic) hydrogen telluride gas. CdTe is used in photovoltaic applications because of its low cost, direct band gap, high absorption coefficient, and ability to be easily doped Purity: 99% - ≥99.98%
Calcia Stabilized Zirconium Oxide (ZrO₂ + CaO)
Calcia Stabilized Zirconium Oxide (ZrO₂ + CaO)
Calcia Stabilized Zirconium Oxide (ZrO₂ ) is a fused version of zirconia that is stabilized by the addition of calcium oxide to handle higher temperatures than standard zirconia. Various purities range between 98-99.8% zirconia.
Calcined Magnesite (MgCO₃)
Calcined Magnesite (MgCO₃)
Calcined Magnesite (MgCO₃) is a highly reactive form of magnesium oxide (MgO) produced by calcining (burning) magnesite at a uniform temperature, yielding a high-quality, consistent, finely sized, synthetic magnesium oxide designed specifically for chemical processes requiring a rapid reaction rate and high-purity. MgO content min 90-96%
Calcite / Crushed Marble
Calcite / Crushed Marble

Calcite is the most common form of calcium carbonate (CaCO₃). It is a common mineral and a major constituent of limestone and marble. Calcite is an inexpensive crushed and screened white marble media that can be used to neutralize acidic or low pH waters to a neutral, less corrosive effluent. Highly variable in form and color, calcite is best recognized by its relatively low hardness (H = 3) and its high reactivity with even weak acids, such as vinegar. When acidic water reaches neutral pH, no more calcite is dissolved.

Calcium (Ca) Metal
Calcium (Ca) Metal
Calcium (Ca) is a silvery-white, soft, relatively light alkaline earth metal that does not naturally occur in its free state. It is the most unreactive of this family; however, it still tarnishes rapidly in the air and reacts with water. Purity: 98%, 99%, 99.5%, 99.987%, and 99.99%
Calcium Carbonate Ca(CO₃)
Calcium Carbonate Ca(CO₃)

Calcium Carbonate Ca(CO₃) is a common substance found in rock and is the main component of shells of marine organisms, snails, pearls, and eggshells. Calcium carbonate is the active ingredient in agricultural lime. It is produced by crushing, grinding, precipitation, and classifying high purity, white calcite limestone. Purities available from 98% to 99.9%

Calcium Fluoride (Fluorspar) (CaF₂)
Calcium Fluoride (Fluorspar) (CaF₂)
Calcium fluoride (CaF₂) is a white insoluble solid. It occurs as the mineral fluorite (also called fluorspar). In pure form, it is colorless and transparent or translucent with a glassy luster and has a significant phenomenon of fluorescence. Specialty Grades Available: Various screen mesh sizes down to superfine powder (45 microns)
Calcium Hydroxide Ca(OH)₂
Calcium Hydroxide Ca(OH)₂
Calcium Hydroxide Ca(Oh)₂, also known as slaked lime or hydrated lime, is a soft white crystalline, odorless powder with an alkaline, bitter taste. The standard hydrated lime is ultra-low lead and ultra-low heavy metals grade. The Vitacal® H food grade meets the 13th edition of the food chemicals codex specifications. Both hydrated lime products offered by Reade are -325 mesh.
Carbon (C)
Carbon (C)
Carbon is a pure non-metallic element found only in the forms of diamonds and graphite. Graphite is widely used for many applications because of its unique combination of properties. It is slippery to the touch, a good conductor of electricity and heat, is chemically inert, and can withstand high temperatures and corrosive environments. 99% to 99.99% (metals basis)
Carbon Nanotubes
Carbon Nanotubes
Carbon nanotubes (CNT) are tubes made of carbon atoms with nanometer diameters. Reade supplies a variety of carbon nanotubes. While many specific properties of CNTs are type dependent, in general, carbon nanotubes have high electrical conductivity. They have good thermal conductivity along the tube axis that is comparable to diamonds while exhibiting elastic, flexible, stiff, tough, and strong fibers while maintaining the chemistry of carbon molecules and being free of molecular defects. This carbon chemistry allows strong Van der Waals attraction which leads to spontaneous self-assembly and roping of many nanotubes, which may be important in certain applications. Single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT) are an intermediary allotrope of carbon between fullerene cages and flat graphene. Double-wall carbon nanotubes (DWNT) are similar to SWNT but are more resistant to chemical attacks. Multi-wall carbon nanotubes consist of multiple rolled layers of graphene. Dry powder form and dispersions available.
Ceramic Beads
Ceramic Beads

Round ceramic particles are used in vibratory finishing for polishing, grinding, and surface treatments. Various sizes are available to optimize the quality of your finished product, providing cost-effective, mass-produced results.

Cerium (Ce) Metal
Cerium (Ce) Metal

Cerium (Ce) is a rare earth metal that is an iron-gray, soft, ductile, and malleable metal. It is the most abundant of the rare earth elements. It is a reactive metal that rapidly oxidizes in air to form a superficial oxide coating. The metal reacts slowly with cold water and rapidly with hot water. It is readily dissolved in mineral acids and will react with most nonmetals on heating. Purity: 99.9-99.95%

Cerium Oxide (CeO₂)
Cerium Oxide (CeO₂)

Cerium(IV) oxide, or cerium dioxide, usually appears as a yellow powder that is insoluble in water and moderately soluble in strong mineral acids. Cerium oxide is slightly hygroscopic and will absorb small amounts of moisture and CO2 from the atmosphere. Purities are available from 98% (industrial grade) to 99.999% (high purity grade).

Cerro Alloys (Low Melting Point Alloys)
Cerro Alloys (Low Melting Point Alloys)

Reade offers 16 varieties of low-melting-point metals, known as Cerro alloys. These low-melt alloys are metal alloys that have melting temperatures that range between 117º F. and 440º F and contain a mixture of bismuth, lead, tin, cadmium, and/or indium. These alloys expand only ~3.3% of their volume when changing from liquid to solid form, making them ideal for many industrial applications.

Cesium (Cs) Metal
Cesium (Cs) Metal
Cesium (Cs) is a soft, ductile, gold-colored alkali metal. Cesium reacts quickly when attacked by air and reacts violently with water, so it should be stored accordingly. It has the lowest melting point of any alkali metal and is liquid at room temperature. It is photoemissive. Purity: 99.9%
Chromium (Cr)
Chromium (Cr)
Chromium (Cr) is a steel-gray, lustrous, and hard metal, with high corrosion and tarnish resistance since chromium does not oxidize in air, even in extreme moisture. Purity range: 99%-99.998%
Chromium (II) Carbide
Chromium (II) Carbide
Chromium carbide is a ceramic compound found in several compositions; Cr₃C₂, Cr₂₃C₆, and Cr₇C₃. It is silver-gray-colored with high-temperature oxidation-resistant properties. It has the highest oxidation resistance at high temperatures of all metal carbides. It is also resistant to acids and alkalis. It has excellent electrical conductivity, high hardness, a moderate melting point, and good chemical stability. Each composition is available as a -325 mesh powder and 99.5% pure.
Chromium Oxide (Cr₂O₃)
Chromium Oxide (Cr₂O₃)
Chromium(III) Oxide (Cr₂O₃), Chromic oxide, is the stable primary oxide of chromium and is a blue-green color. In nature, it occurs as the rare mineral eskolaite and is used as a pigment. It was originally called Viridian. Purity available ≥98%
Chromium (VI) Oxide (CrO₃)
Chromium (VI) Oxide (CrO₃)
Chromium (VI) Oxide (CrO₃), also known as chromium(VI) oxide, chromic anhydride appears as dark red rhombic crystals or purple-red flakes which are soluble in water. It is also sometimes referred to as Chromic acid, H₂CrO₄; however, the acid exists only in solution. Chromium (VI) Oxide is also soluble in alcohol, sulfuric acid, and ether. It is highly reactive upon contact with reducing reagents and can cause an explosion. It is a powerful oxidizing agent, violently oxidizing organic matter that may lead to ignition, and is explosive in contact with acetone and other alcohols. It is a confirmed human carcinogen. Purities are available from 99% to 99.999%.
Chromium(IV) Oxide (CrO₂)
Chromium(IV) Oxide (CrO₂)
Chromium dioxide or chromium(IV) oxide is a black synthetic magnetic substance once widely used in magnetic tape emulsion. It is a good electrical conductor. It is highly insoluble, thermally stable, and a suitable chromium source for glass, optic, and ceramic applications.
Cobalt (Co) Metal
Cobalt (Co) Metal
Cobalt (Co) Metal is a lustrous, silvery-blue metal that is magnetic and attractive. Cobalt is hard and resistant to corrosion Purity from 99.5% - 99.9%
Cobalt Oxides
Cobalt Oxides
Cobalt(II) Oxide (CoO) (also known as cobaltous oxide and cobalt monoxide) appears as olive-green to red crystals or grayish or black powder that is insoluble in water but soluble in acids and alkalis. It is a toxic solid. Cobalt(II,III) Oxide (Co₃O₄) (also known as tricobalt tetraoxide) is a fine powder that is an antiferromagnetic solid. It is insoluble in water but soluble in acids and alkalis. Cobalt Oxide Carcinogenicity: Cobalt and its compounds have been shown to cause cancer in laboratory animals.
Cobalt(IV) Sulfide (CoS₂)
Cobalt(IV) Sulfide (CoS₂)
Cobalt sulfides are black, semiconducting, insoluble in water, and nonstoichiometric. Cobalt(IV) Sulfide (CoS₂) or Cobalt disulfide (CoS₂) Purity: 99.5%
Coconut Shell Powder and Flour
Coconut Shell Powder and Flour
Coconut Shells are the most organic and versatile part of the coconut and are known for toughness, durability, abrasion resistance, and longevity. Coconut shell powders and flours are made through continuous grinding. Chemically, the composition of the shell is similar to hardwood, with a higher lignin content and lower cellulose content.
Colemanite (2CaO·3B₂O₃·5H₂O)
Colemanite (2CaO·3B₂O₃·5H₂O)
Colemanite, or hydrated calcium borate (2CaO·3B₂O₃·5H₂O), is an important ore of boron. It is a colorless or white monoclinic stable borate mineral that is a common natural source of insoluble boron.
Constantan Alloy
Constantan Alloy
A copper-nickel alloy that contains minor amounts of additional elements, in this case, manganese, and iron, to achieve precise values for the temperature coefficient of resistivity for strain gauges. This alloy employs an adequately high strain sensitivity or gauge factor. Its resistivity is high enough to achieve suitable resistance values in very small grids, and its temperature coefficient of resistance is not excessive while having good fatigue life and relatively high elongation capability. Chemical Composition: Cu= 53.8% Ni= 44.2%, Mn= 1.5%, Fe= 0.5%
Copper (Cu) Chops
Copper (Cu) Chops
Copper (Cu) Chops is salvaged chopped-up copper wire. Purity From 95%+
Copper (Cu) Metal
Copper (Cu) Metal

Copper (Cu) is one of the most important elements. It is a reddish metal that is malleable and ductile with a bright metallic luster. Copper is a good conductor of heat and electricity (second only to silver in electrical conductivity). Purity from 98% to 99.999%

Copper (II) Carbonate (CuCO₃)
Copper (II) Carbonate (CuCO₃)
Copper (II) carbonate, CuCO₃, also known as cupric carbonate, is a blue-green solid that is commonly used in various industrial applications, such as pigments, catalysts, and chemical synthesis. 55% min. Copper
Copper Phosphorus Alloy
Copper Phosphorus Alloy

Copper Phosphorus (CuP) Alloy is an alloy made from copper being deoxidized with phosphorus. This is the most commonly used deoxidized copper. This master alloy is used as a deoxidant and alloying agent in the copper industry and also has applications in the aluminum, bronze, and brass industry. Copper is corrosion-resistant, but this property becomes enhanced with added phosphor. There is an increase in tensile strength, a reduction in brittleness characteristics, and an improvement in machinability and workability with the phosphorus addition to copper. Reade offers one grade for the aluminum industry and three grades for the copper industry.

Copper(I) Oxide (Cu₂O) / Copper(II) Oxide (CuO)
Copper(I) Oxide (Cu₂O) / Copper(II) Oxide (CuO)
Copper(I) Oxide (Cu₂O), or Cuprous oxide, is a yellow to red or brown powder that is toxic and whose color varies based on the size of the particles. Copper(I) oxide has semiconductor properties. Copper(II) Oxide (CuO), or Cupric Oxide, is a black to brown/black amorphous crystalline powder that is insoluble in water and ethanol.
Cordierite (2MgO·2Al₂O₃·5SiO₂)
Cordierite (2MgO·2Al₂O₃·5SiO₂)
Cordierite, Magnesium-alumina silicate (2MgO·2Al₂O₃·5SiO₂), is made from talc mixed with clay and aluminum oxide. There are no known large deposits of natural cordierite. It has a low coefficient of thermal expansion, high mechanical strength, low density, and low dielectric loss.
Corn Cob Abrasive and Grit
Corn Cob Abrasive and Grit
Corn Cob Grit is an environmentally friendly free-flowing abrasive made from the hard cob. It is used primarily as a vibratory and tumbling media to absorb oils and dirt and to dry parts without affecting the surface of the parts. It is a safe and economical blasting media that can be used on delicate parts. Corn Cob grit is non-toxic, dust-free, long-lasting, reusable, and preserves micro finishes. Typical Physical Properties Hardness: MOH 4.5 Appearance: Granular angular particles Specific Gravity: 1.0 – 1.2 gm/cc
Corundum (Al₂O₃)
Corundum (Al₂O₃)
Corundum is a form of aluminum oxide (Al₂O₃) typically containing traces of iron, titanium, vanadium, and chromium. Corundum powder is a granular, white, odorless powder that is chemically inert. Corundum is a hard mineral with a high density and is the index mineral for a hardness of nine on the Mohs Hardness Scale.
Crystalline Silicon (Si)
Crystalline Silicon (Si)
Crystalline silicon is the crystalline form of silicon, a semi-metal and semiconductor. It is a lustrous, grayish-black and can be polycrystalline or monocrystalline silicon. Purity 98% min. Note: Lump, pressed targets, and many powder granulations are available to customer specification down to as fine as 50 nanometers
Cubic Boron Nitride / CBN Superabrasive Powder
Cubic Boron Nitride / CBN Superabrasive Powder

Cubic Boron Nitride (CBN) is second only to diamond in hardness. It has superior thermal and chemical stability making it ideal for high-temperature applications. Because of its unique hardness and toughness, CBN has great advantages for grinding and sawing end-uses. CBN is available in 99% purity and is optimized for resin-bond, metal-bond, vitrified bonds, and electroplated products.

Dental Aluminum Oxide Powder
Dental Aluminum Oxide Powder

This aluminum oxide is a virgin fused white aluminum oxide. It is friable, high purity, medium density, and abrasive.

Diamond Dust (C)
Diamond Dust (C)
Diamond Dust is composed of pure carbon. Diamond powder is a super-abrasive and is offered in two categories: synthetically grown and naturally grown. Naturally mined diamond purity is 99+%. Synthetic diamond purity is 99%.
Diatomaceous Earth (DE)
Diatomaceous Earth (DE)

Diatomaceous earth, also known as Diatomaceous silica (SiO₂*nH₂O), is the fossilized remains of tiny, aquatic organisms called diatoms that have accumulated, creating silica deposits. DE has high absorption, low bulk density, and high brightness. There are two primary types of diatomaceous earth deposits - saltwater and freshwater. Saltwater DE is commercially processed in the United States and primarily used as a filter aid. Freshwater DE is ideal for agricultural uses because it typically has a low crystalline silica content (amorphous), is highly absorptive, and is an ancient pest control agent. As awareness of and concern about chemical pesticides grow, diatomaceous earth has increased interest as a non-toxic and natural alternative. It is also seen as a natural anti-parasitic by farmers and ranchers.

Dolomite
Dolomite
Dolomite or calcium magnesium carbonate (CaMg(CO₃)₂) is derived from limestone. It is a crystalline carbonate mineral with a snow-white or gray color. Dolomite Powder Nominal Chemical Composition: CaO= 30.48%, MgO= 21.77%, Al₂O₃= 0.02%, Fe₂O₃= 0.04%, and SiO₂= 0.30%
Dysprosium (Dy) Metal
Dysprosium (Dy) Metal
Dysprosium (Dy) is a hard, bright shiny silvery-white rare earth metal that is never found in nature as a free element, but found within various minerals. It reacts slowly to moisture in the air and burns readily. Dysprosium has high magnetic strength and is heat resistant to demagnetization, making it an attractive component for magnets used in green energy, i.e., motors of wind turbines and electric vehicles, increasing demand. Purity: 99.9% (REO basis)
Dysprosium Oxide (Dy₂O₃)
Dysprosium Oxide (Dy₂O₃)
Dysprosium Oxide (Dy₂O₃), also referred to as Dysprosium Trioxide or Dysprosium(III) oxide, is an oxide compound of the rare earth metal dysprosium. It is a pastel yellowish-greenish-colored solid that is slightly hygroscopic and thermally stable. Purities range 99.9% to 99.999% (REO basis).
Electrolytic Iron
Electrolytic Iron
Electrolytic iron is the purest form of iron, whereby commercial iron has all impurities removed through electrolysis. This electrochemical refining process helps to ensure uniform chemical composition and tight particle size distributions. Cathode deposit is supplied as small, smooth, irregularly shaped iron pieces. Chip from bright annealed and polished high-purity electrolytic iron chips, nominally 3/32” x 3/32” (2.5 x 2.5 mm) approximately 1/64” (400 μm) thick. The chips grade is known for its extremely low sulfur and carbon content and smooth polished uniform chips, which are easy to measure and disperse. Powder grade is available as annealed, unannealed in three different mesh sizes, or kosher certified. Purity 97%+
Emery Abrasive Grain & Powder
Emery Abrasive Grain & Powder

Emerundum is a naturally occurring odorless mineral having its broadest use as an abrasive in polishing applications. A mixture of corundum (Aluminum Oxide) with an iron-bearing mineral and other trace impurities such as mullite, titania, silica, and magnesia.

Erbium (Er) Metal
Erbium (Er) Metal
Erbium (Er) is a Rare Earth Metal. It is a soft, silvery element that is malleable and bright. Erbium finds little use as a metal It does not oxidize as rapidly as some of the other rare earth metals as it is fairly stable in air. Erbium has a high electrical resistivity. Purity 99-99.9%
Erbium Oxide (Er₂O₃)
Erbium Oxide (Er₂O₃)
Erbium(III) Oxide (Er₂O₃), or Erbium Oxide, is a light pink paramagnetic solid. It is insoluble in water but soluble in mineral acids. Er₂O₃ is hygroscopic and will readily absorb moisture and CO2 from the atmosphere. Purity: 99.9-99.999%
Europium (Eu) Metal
Europium (Eu) Metal
Europium (Eu) is a rare earth metal that is silvery-white. It is the least dense, softest, and most ductile of the lanthanide series. Europium is the most volatile of the rare earth metals and quickly oxidizes in air and reacts in water. Purity- 99-99.9%
Europium Oxide (Eu₂O₃)
Europium Oxide (Eu₂O₃)
Europium Oxide (Eu₂O₃) is a white insoluble powder that glows bright red under ultraviolet light Purity: 99.9-99.999%
Feldspar Powder
Feldspar Powder
Feldspar is a naturally occurring anhydrous, inorganic, igneous rock. A complex aluminum silicate (Tectosilicate) that contains varying amounts of sodium, potassium, and calcium. Feldspar is highly abrasive. Feldspar powder provides strength, durability, chemical inertness, and resistance to wear and can be added to achieve high solids content with low viscosity impact. KAlSi₃O₈ - NaAlSi₃O₈ - CaAl₂Si₂O₈
Ferro-Tic® Alloys
Ferro-Tic® Alloys

Ferro-Tic® is a family of steel or alloy-bonded carbides and a registered trademark of Ferro-Tic Inc. Extremely hard titanium carbide grains are uniformly distributed through a hardenable steel or alloy matrix. Ferro-Tic alloys are readily machinable in the annealed condition. After machining, they can be hardened up to 70 HRC. Seven different grades of Ferro-Tic® have been formulated to provide a variety of physical and mechanical properties depending on the operating environment. Ferro-Tic® alloys have outstanding properties to withstand the wear caused by corrosion and abrasion and outlast conventional tool steels by 10x. They increase parts' lifetime and productivity via their superior wear resistance while being 10-20% lighter than their steel counterpart and about 50% lighter than tungsten carbide.

Ferro Titanium (FeTi)
Ferro Titanium (FeTi)

Ferro titanium is an alloy composed of iron (Fe) and titanium (Ti). Reade offers a 40% Ferro titanium that is a low aluminum grade. Ferro titanium is used to increase strength, toughness, and resistance to corrosion. It also improves the weldability and machinability of metals it is added to.

FerroAluminum
FerroAluminum
Ferroaluminum (FeAl) is an alloy containing iron and aluminum that has a variety of industrial uses. This ferroalloy usually consists of 40%-60% aluminum but can contain as much as 80%. The presence of iron in aluminum helps in the decrease of casting defects. It improves tensile, yield, and hardness while maintaining strength at high temperatures.
FerroBoron
FerroBoron

Ferroboron (FeB) is an iron-boron alloy containing 10-20% boron. This ferroalloy is the most economical boron additive for steel and several other ferrous metals. It is added to the steel to improve its properties and used in producing amorphous metals.

FerroChromium
FerroChromium

FerroChromium (FeCr) is an alloy containing Iron and Chromium, generally containing 50 to 70% chromium by weight. This ferroalloy is used in producing steel, especially stainless steel, to achieve corrosion resistance, tensile strength, heat resistance, and yield strength.

Ferromanganese
Ferromanganese
Ferromanganese (FeMn) is an alloy of iron and manganese usually containing about 80% manganese. This ferroalloy is used in steel production. It imparts metallurgical properties such as increased strength, hardness, toughness, and hardenability.
FerroNiobium/ FerroColumbium
FerroNiobium/ FerroColumbium

FerroNiobium (FerroColumbium, FeNb) is an alloy of iron and niobium, with a niobium content of 60-70%. This ferroalloy is the main source of niobium alloying of high-strength low-alloy steel (HSLA), increasing steel’s corrosion resistance while making it stronger and lighter than pure steel. Ferroniobium powder helps to increase resistance during high temperatures and prevents corrosion, oxidation, and erosion.

Ferrophosphorus / Iron Phosphide Powder
Ferrophosphorus / Iron Phosphide Powder

FerroPhosphorus is an alloy of iron and phosphorus. This ferroalloy contains high proportions of Iron Phosphides, Fe₂P, and Fe₃P. Ferrophosphorus is used in many industrial applications, and it is becoming increasingly popular in the manufacture of steel as the addition of it increases the steel's corrosion resistance and strength. It also works as a deoxidizing agent. Ferrophosphorus enhances molten iron's fluidity, improving iron alloys' casting performance.

FerroSilicon
FerroSilicon

Ferrosilicon (FeSi) is an alloy of iron and silicon used in steel production. This ferroalloy is used in steel production and casting, increasing hardness and deoxidizing properties and improving the strength and quality of iron steel products.

FerroTantalum
FerroTantalum

FerroTantalum (FeTa), is an alloy containing iron and tantalum. This ferroalloy is used as an additive in the iron and steel industries to form stronger, hardened special steels. The appearance is dark gray.

FerroTungsten
FerroTungsten

Ferrotungsten (FeW) is an alloy containing iron and tungsten. This ferroalloy is used for the production of tungsten-containing steels. Ferro tungsten typically consists of either 75-82% or 70-75% tungsten, depending on its grade. This master alloy is a robust alloy with a high melting point, and the addition of tungsten overcomes iron's brittleness, making it a durable material.

FerroVanadium
FerroVanadium

Ferrovanadium (FeV) is an alloy containing Iron and Vanadium that contains 35-80% vanadium. This ferroalloy is used as an additive to improve the quality of ferroalloys and in manufacturing steel products that need to be lightweight and have high tensile strength. It improves steel's resistance from corrosion to sulfuric and hydrochloric acids and alkali solutions.

Flame Spray Powder
Flame Spray Powder
Various flame spray powders are available to your material specification for spraying against the surface to be coated. There are many benefits of flame spray coating, including increasing the component's "life", or helping to increase or extend the life cycle of the coated equipment.
Forsterite (Magnesium Silicate) (Mg₂(SiO₄)
Forsterite (Magnesium Silicate) (Mg₂(SiO₄)

Forsterite is a crystalline Magnesium Silicate (Mg₂(SiO₄) that is a member of the Olivine Group. It is an excellent birefringent material with a wide transparency range that has extremely low electrical conductivity and superior mechanical properties. It is calcined and milled under controlled conditions and can be modified to meet priority specifications. Synthetic forsterite is available, and it has as high an iron content (<11%) as Fayalite.

Fumed Silica (SiO₂)
Fumed Silica (SiO₂)

Fumed Silica, also known as pyrogenic silica, are powders that are available with either hydrophobic or hydrophilic surfaces. They are made with a flame, resulting in an extremely small particle with a three-dimensional structure with low bulk density and high surface area, making this powder useful as a thickener or reinforcing filler.

Gadolinium (Gd) Metal
Gadolinium (Gd) Metal
Gadolinium (Gd) is a rare earth metal that is moderately ductile, hard, and fairly stable in the air. Gadolinium reacts slowly with water and rapidly with most diluted acids. Gadolinium has unusual superconductive properties when alloyed with iron, chromium, or related metals and is found to greatly improve workability and resistance to temperature and oxidation. Gadolinium also has unique magnetic properties and demonstrates ferromagnetic properties near room temp but paramagnetic properties above this temp. Purity: 99.9%
Gadolinium Oxide (Gd₂O₃)
Gadolinium Oxide (Gd₂O₃)
Gadolinium Oxide (Gd₂O₃) is a white powder that is highly insoluble and thermally stable. The purity available is 99.9%.
Gadolinium Zirconate (Gd₂O₇Zr₂)
Gadolinium Zirconate (Gd₂O₇Zr₂)
Gadolinium zirconate (Gd₂O₇Zr₂) is a ceramic material that is very radiation-resistant. It also has low thermal conductivity and is corrosion-resistant.
Gallium Arsenide (GaAs)
Gallium Arsenide (GaAs)
Gallium Arsenide (GaAs) is an intermetallic compound that occurs as cubic crystals with a dark gray metallic sheen. It is among the most widely used intermetallic semiconductor components. Gallium arsenide is electroluminescent in infrared light and is a possible substitute for silicon substrates. It is a direct bandgap semiconductor with the potential for high-speed applications as it can operate at high frequencies (1.9 GHz) using low power consumption with high sensitivity. It is a toxic metal and questionable carcinogen. Typical Purity: 99.99% up to 99.999%
Gallium (Ga) Metal
Gallium (Ga) Metal
Gallium (Ga) Metal is soft and silvery and does not occur as a free element in nature. It has one of the longest liquid ranges of any metal, with a low vapor pressure even at high temperatures and a tendency to remain in a supercool state. Gallium can be molten at room temperature. It has a higher density as a liquid than as a solid. Gallium can be alloyed with most metals and is done so to reduce the melting point. Gallium can convert electricity to light. Its properties make Gallium considered a technology-critical element by the United States National Library of Medicine. Gallium is available in ultra high pure form of up to 8N or 99.999999% purity.
Gallium Nitride (GaN)
Gallium Nitride (GaN)
Gallium Nitride (GaN) is a very hard, mechanically stable wide-bandgap semiconductor material with high heat capacity and thermal conductivity. Gallium nitride emits visible light (particularly blue and green). Purity: 99.9%
Gallium(III) Chloride (GaCl₃)
Gallium(III) Chloride (GaCl₃)
Gallium(III) Chloride (GaCl₃), also known as Gallium trichloride, is an opaque to white crystal/powder with an acidic odor. It acts as a weak inorganic acid and is soluble in virtually all solvents, including alkanes, an unusual chemical property for a metal halide. Gallium(III) Chloride is highly corrosive and hygroscopic. Gallium Content (wt %): 39.59% Purity: 5N (99.999%)
Gallium(III) Nitrate (Ga(NO₃)₃
Gallium(III) Nitrate (Ga(NO₃)₃
Gallium(III) Nitrate (Ga(NO₃)₃ (also called Gallium Trinitrate) is commercially available as a solution.
Gallium(III) Oxide (Ga₂O₃)
Gallium(III) Oxide (Ga₂O₃)
Gallium(III) Oxide is an ultra-wide bandgap semiconductor. It is a white powder that is insoluble in water but soluble in hot alkalis and acids. It has multiple polymorphs; however, the monoclinic β-phase is the most stable and has a melting point of 1900ºC. Purity: 99.995%
Garnet Grain, Sand, Powder
Garnet Grain, Sand, Powder

Garnet is an industrial gemstone comprised of a group of silicate minerals that are common rock-forming minerals in igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rock types, with high hardness and density. Garnets are a “heavy mineral” derived from either Almandite or Andradite deposits. READE can offer a domestically mined garnet from New York.

Germanium Dioxide (GeO₂)
Germanium Dioxide (GeO₂)
Germanium Dioxide (GeO₂), also referred to as Germanium(IV) oxide or Germanium Oxide, is the main commercial source of germanium. It is a highly insoluble but thermally stable germanium source with superior mechanical strength over other infrared clear glasses. These properties make it more suitable for rugged military applications. Purity: 99.998%
Germanium (Ge)
Germanium (Ge)
Germanium (Ge) is a silvery-white, bright, brittle semi-metal. It is a poor conductor of electricity, has a high index of refraction and dispersion, and is transparent to infrared radiation. Purity Up to 99.999%
Glass Abrasive Powder, Recycled
Glass Abrasive Powder, Recycled

Recycled glass powder is waste glass turned into usable products and contains less than 1% free silica.

Recycled glass blasting media has been successfully substituted for silica sand and other blasting media in shipyard trials, other construction projects, and equipment cleaning under MIL-A-22262B(SH), Amendment-2.

Gold (Au) Metal
Gold (Au) Metal

Gold (Au) Metal is a soft, ductile, and malleable metal with a characteristic yellow color. It is a good conductor of heat and electricity and is chemically unreactive to most reagents, including oxidation. It is an excellent reflector of infrared and is extremely light-reflective. The freezing point of gold serves as a calibration point for the International Temperature Scales. It is often alloyed with other metals to enhance its strength.

99% up to 99.999%

Graphene Nanoplatelets
Graphene Nanoplatelets
Graphene Nanoplatelets are nanoparticles made from graphite that can substitute carbon fiber, carbon nanotubes, nano-clays, or other compounds in many composite applications. These nanoparticles consist of small stacks of graphene (3-10 nanometers) that are safer than carbon nano-fibers and nano-tubes and improve reliability, thermal conductivity, and electrical conductivity while reducing porosity when added to plastics or resins. Graphene Nanoplatelets help products built on them exhibit improved tribology, mechanical, biomedical, gas barrier, flame retardant, and heat convection properties. They can be used with other additives to enhance cost and material efficiency.
Graphene Oxide (GO)
Graphene Oxide (GO)
Graphene oxide, also known as graphite oxide, is a compound of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen in variable ratios that is obtained by treating graphite with strong oxidizers. Graphene oxide has many unique properties, including a two-dimensional planar structure, large surface area, chemical and mechanical stability, superb conductivity, and good biocompatibility. It is an insulator and can almost be considered a semiconductor. Purity: 97% - 99% Graphene Oxide Safety Notice: Before using, the user shall determine the product's suitability for its intended use, and the user assumes all risk and liability whatsoever in addition to that.
Green Nickel Oxide - Nickel(II) Oxide (NiO)
Green Nickel Oxide - Nickel(II) Oxide (NiO)
Green Nickel Oxide, Nickel(II) Oxide (NiO) is an inorganic metal oxide with a good semiconducting property used in the production of nickel alloys, salts, catalysts, fuel cells, and other chemicals. It exhibits high performance in applications that require charge transfer and charge transport-based processes.
Hafnium Diboride (HfB₂)
Hafnium Diboride (HfB₂)
Hafnium diboride is a gray, metallic-looking, ultrahigh-temperature ceramic composed of Hafnium and Boron. It has relatively high thermal and electrical conductivity and a melting temperature of about 3250ºC. The material's oxidation resistance is temperature, and pressure dependent, where at 1500ºC and 1 atm of pressure, it shows resistance; however, at temperatures above 1600ºC and pressures drop below 1 atm, the oxidation resistance is dramatically reduced. Purities available 99% to 99.99%
Hafnium (Hf) Metal
Hafnium (Hf) Metal
Hafnium (Hf) Metal is a ductile silvery metal that is corrosion resistant. Hafnium has a very high melting point. Hafnium is chemically resemblant to zirconium, found in zirconium minerals, and hafnium’s properties are highly affected by the extent of zirconium impurity. Hafnium is a good absorber of neutrons. 99.7% minimum. Higher purities are available.
Hafnium (IV) Carbide (HfC)
Hafnium (IV) Carbide (HfC)
Hafnium (IV) carbide is a dark, gray, brittle solid that has high hardness and a very high melting point of over 3890°C. It is one of the most refractory binary compounds and is extremely hard. It has a high cross-section for the absorption of thermal neutrons. Purity: 99.5%
Hafnium Nitride (HfN)
Hafnium Nitride (HfN)
Hafnium Nitride (HfN) is formed as yellow-brown and brittle solid with a melting point of 3310ºC It is an advanced ceramic powder and is among the most stable. It has excellent mechanical, electrical, optical, thermal, and corrosion resistance characteristics. It creates an abrasion-resistant, chemically inert outer film for cutting tools, a high temperature-resistant protective film with high hardness, wear resistance, and oxidation resistance. Purity: 99%-99.5%
Hafnium(IV) Oxide (HfO2)
Hafnium(IV) Oxide (HfO2)
Hafnium(IV) oxide is a colorless solid and is a common and stable compound of hafnium. It is an electrical insulator with low thermal expansion and a high inversion temperature. It has good cytocompatibility, high density, and corrosion and mechanical damage resistance. Hafnium(IV) oxide, while fairly inert, does react with concentrated strong acids and strong bases. Purities: 99.999% (Spectro grade) 99.95% (Zr= <0.5%) 99.9% (Vacuum deposition grade) 99% (Zr= <2%)
Halloysite Nano Clay
Halloysite Nano Clay
Halloysite Nano Clay (Al₂Si₂O₅(OH)₄•2H₂O+SiO₂) is an aluminosilicate clay-like mineral occurring in soft, smooth, amorphous masses of a whitish color. It is 50% silica and 50% clay. Halloysite forms naturally occurring nanotubes similar to a grain of rice but considerably smaller and hollow. It shows low electrical and thermal conductivity and strong hydrogen interactions. Significant improvements in thermal and mechanical properties have been reported on the addition of halloysite nanotubes in polymer composites.
Hastelloy Alloys
Hastelloy Alloys

Hastelloy is used for a wide range of chemical processing, pollution control, and waste treatment applications to protect equipment from aqueous corrodents.

Hematite (Fe₂O₃)
Hematite (Fe₂O₃)
Hematite, red iron oxide (Fe₂O₃), is the most important iron ore. It is the most abundant and is naturally found in rocks of all ages. Hematite’s appearance varies with wide luster, and color ranges from earthy to metallic and red to black to silver but always produces red streaks. It is very heavy and usually anti-ferromagnetic. It is also available as a synthetic product. Powder and particle granulations are available down to 0.003 microns (3 nanometers)
Hemp Fiber
Hemp Fiber
Hemp Fiber (Bast Fiber) is a high-yield commercial fiber crop that grows from seed. Hemp stalks are harvested for their fibers and grow on the outside of the plant’s stalk, similar to the bark of a tree. Hemp fibers are advantageous as they are flexible, have low density and abrasiveness, and have mechanical properties comparable to glass fiber. There is also quantitative and qualitative homogeneity from one harvest to the next. Degummed Hemp Fiber is processed to remove lignin and pectin, so separated fibers are finer, softer, and more absorbent. Size ranges from ½ inch to 5 inches. Hemp Hurd is derived from the core of the hemp stalks and is also referred to as hemp shives. It looks similar to wood chips. It is porous and absorbent and naturally resistant to mold and bacteria. Raw Long Hemp Fiber is right from the stalk, non-processed, and uncombed with slight separation of fibers. Fibers range from 24 to 72 inches. Combed Hemp Fiber, also known as plumber's hemp, is untwisted and combed. Fiber length ranges from 4-5 inches long.
Hexagonal Boron Nitride (BN)
Hexagonal Boron Nitride (BN)

Hexagonal boron nitride is an inorganic compound that’s chemistry enables it to form structures that are isoelectronic with carbon allotropes, including a flat, hexagonal crystal structure similar to graphite. It is a white powder that is very hard and chemically and thermally stable.

Holmium (Ho) Metal
Holmium (Ho) Metal
Holmium (Ho) is a rare earth metal that is moderately hard and relatively stable in the air. However, it is reactive with most acids. The metal is relatively soft, malleable, and has the highest magnetic strength of any element. Purity Range 99-99.9%
Holmium(III) Oxide (Ho₂O₃)
Holmium(III) Oxide (Ho₂O₃)
Holmium(III) Oxide (Ho₂O₃) is a light yellow powder that is insoluble in water but soluble in acid. It is one of the most powerful paramagnetic substances. Purity: 99.9% up to 99.999% (REO basis)
Hydrophobic Sand
Hydrophobic Sand
Hydrophobic Sand, also known as magic sand, is mined silica sand coated with tiny particles of pure silica exposed to or trimethylhydroxysilane, (CH₃)₃SiOH. Trimethylhydroxysilane treatment alters the exteriors of the sand grains to make them insoluble in water or hydrophobic. This material can be sculpted in water. Custom colors are available with a minimum order requirement of 300 lbs.
Hydrous Magnesium Silicate (Talc Powder)
Hydrous Magnesium Silicate (Talc Powder)
Talc, or Hydrous Magnesium Silicate (3MgO.4SIO₂.H₂O), is a very fine, translucent to opaque, soft mineral with a white to grayish-white color. It is inert, odorless, and insoluble in water. Powder granulations available between 37 microns to 1.5 microns
Ilmenite (FeTiO₃)
Ilmenite (FeTiO₃)
Ilmenite (FeTiO₃) is a naturally mined black iron titanium oxide mineral that is used as a major source of titanium or titanium dioxide. It is heavy, moderately hard on the Mohs Scale, odorless, tasteless, opaque under a microscope, non-flammable, and insoluble at 20ºC.
Inconel Alloys
Inconel Alloys

Inconel alloys are a class of nickel-chrome-based super alloys characterized by high corrosion resistance, oxidation resistance, strength at high temperatures, and creep resistance. Inconel, however, is harder to machine and harder to work than other alloys. Different Inconels have varying compositions, but all are predominantly nickel, with chromium as the second element. Inconel 600 is a nickel-chromium alloy designed for use from cryogenic to elevated temperatures in the range of 2000 deg F Inconel 617 is a material with excellent resistance to pitting, crevice, and corrosion cracking, has high-temperature strength and oxidation resistance. The alloy also has excellent resistance to a wide range of corrosive environments Inconel 625 is highly resistant to a wide range of organic and mineral acids. Good high-temperature strength. Inconel 718 is a Gamma Prime strengthened alloy with excellent mechanical properties at elevated temperatures and cryogenic temperatures. Suitable for temperatures up to around 1300 F. Can be readily worked and age-hardened.

Indium (In) Metal
Indium (In) Metal
Indium (In) Metal is a soft, ductile, malleable, luster-full silvery-white metal. Indium is one of the least abundant minerals on Earth. While it has been found uncombined naturally, it is usually associated with zinc, iron, lead, and copper ores. It retains many physical properties at cryogenic temperatures and acts like tin, emitting a high-pitched sound when bent. It is thermally and electrically conductive. It is found in many fusible alloys. Indium metal also can stick to glass. Purity: 99.9 - 99.999%
Indium Tin Oxide (ITO)
Indium Tin Oxide (ITO)
Indium tin oxide (ITO, or tin-doped indium oxide) is a mixture of indium(III) oxide (In₂O₃) and tin(IV) oxide (SnO₂) (90% In₂O₃: 10% SnO₂ by weight). Indium tin oxide (ITO) is a yellow-green powder but transparent and colorless when deposited as a thin film (thicknesses of 1000-3000 angstroms). It is one of the most widely used transparent conducting oxides due to the combination of its electrical conductivity and optical transparency, the ease with which it can be deposited as a thin film, and its chemical resistance to moisture. Thin films of indium tin oxide are deposited by electron beam evaporation or a range of sputter deposition techniques, or other forms of physical vapor deposition. Typical Purity: 99.99% (metals basis)
Indium(III) Arsenide (InAs)
Indium(III) Arsenide (InAs)
Indium(III) arsenide, InAs, or indium monoarsenide, is a semiconductor material that has the appearance of grey cubic crystals. It has a melting point of 942°C. It is a strong photo-dember emitter with superior electron mobility and velocity and a narrow energy bandgap. Purity: 99.999% (5N)
Indium(III) Oxide (In₂O₃)
Indium(III) Oxide (In₂O₃)
Indium(III) Oxide (In₂O₃) is amphoteric and is a water and acid-insoluble crystalline compound. It is transparent and acts as a wide-bandgap semiconductor for (Opto) electronic applications Purity: 99.9% to 99.999%
Indium(III) Phosphide (InP)
Indium(III) Phosphide (InP)
Indium(III) Phosphide (InP) is a brittle metallic mass with a melting point of 1070ºC that is slightly soluble in mineral acids. It possesses superior electron velocity and a direct bandgap. InP is classified under a group of materials that belong to the III-V semiconductors. Purity: 99.999%
Invar 36 / Nilvar Metal (FeNi)
Invar 36 / Nilvar Metal (FeNi)

Invar 36 Alloy is a solid single-phase alloy that primarily consists of 36% nickel and iron. Nickel Alloy 36 has a low coefficient of expansion and possesses a thermal expansion rate of approximately one-tenth that of carbon steel. This nickel-iron alloy is tough, versatile, retains good strength at wide ranges of temperature, can be hot and cold formed and machined, and is also weldable.

Iridium (Ir) Metal
Iridium (Ir) Metal
Iridium (Ir) is the most corrosion-resistant material. It is a silvery metal that is unreactive, dense and has a high melting point. It is hard and brittle, with low ductility making it difficult to machine, form, or work. It is mainly used in platinum alloys and a 90/10 platinum-iridium alloy for the standard kilogram mass. Purity 99.9%
Iron Aluminide (Fe₃Al)
Iron Aluminide (Fe₃Al)
Iron Aluminide is a high-yield and ultimate tensile strength iron-based alloy with a lower density than stainless steel. It has excellent oxidation and sulfidation resistance at high temperatures.
Iron (Fe) Metal
Iron (Fe) Metal
Iron metal is a silvery-white, soft metal that encompasses any iron-based powder. It includes carbonyl iron powder and atomized iron powder. Sponge iron can be found here sponge iron powder. Reade offers a range of iron powders including a food grade suitable for iron enrichment.
Iron (II) Chromite (FeCr₂O)
Iron (II) Chromite (FeCr₂O)
Iron (II) Chromite (FeCr₂O₄) is a natural mineral, chromite, composed of Iron (II) Oxide (FeO) and Chromium (II) Oxide (Cr₂O₃) with varying amounts of impurities such as magnesium and aluminum substituting for the iron and chromium. It can also be made by sintering the two components at 1600 °C. It is an iron-black to brownish-black color with metallic to submetallic luster. It is the only commercial source of chromium and its compounds. It is hard and resistant to corrosion. Reade offers many types of Iron Chromite compositions. Contact us for product data on available compositions.
Iron (II, III) Oxide (Fe₃O₄)
Iron (II, III) Oxide (Fe₃O₄)
Iron (II, III) Oxide (Fe₃O₄) is a black cubic crystal or amorphous powder that is insoluble in water, but soluble in acids that occur in nature as the mineral magnetite, the magnetic oxide of iron. Due to its main applications, Iron (II, III) Oxide is synthesized rather than extracted. Various powder granulations are available down to submicron and nanoparticle sizing, and various grades are available between 98% and 99.999% purity.
Iron (II) Oxide (FeO)
Iron (II) Oxide (FeO)
Iron (II) oxide is a synthetic black cubic crystal that occurs in the mineral wustite and is sometimes referred to as ferrous oxide that is formed due to incomplete oxidation of iron. It is insoluble in water and alkalis and is readily soluble in acids. Iron (II) Oxide easily oxidizes in air. 99.6% trace metals basis
Iron (III) Oxide (Fe₂O₃)
Iron (III) Oxide (Fe₂O₃)
Iron (III) oxide (Fe₂O₃) is a synthetic reddish-brown hexagonal crystal that occurs in the mineral hematite and is sometimes referred to as ferric oxide. It is the principal ore of iron from which the metal and its alloys are produced. It is insoluble in water and dissolves in acids. Iron (III) oxide is low-cost, nontoxic, and environmentally friendly. Various powder granulations are available down to submicron and nanoparticle sizing, and various grades are available between 98% and 99.999% purity.
Iron Pyrite (FeS₂)
Iron Pyrite (FeS₂)
Iron pyrite (FeS₂), Iron (IV) Sulfide is a powder that appears as a fine, yellowish-brown powder. It is insoluble in water and acids, but can react with oxygen and moisture to form sulfuric acid, which can cause environmental problems when exposed to air and water. Iron pyrite can also release toxic sulfur dioxide fumes when heated or burned. Sulfex is prepared from carefully selected pure monocrystalic iron pyrites (FeS₂) and consists of finely grained pyrite crystal splinters, increasing the thermal conductivity and tensile strength of the porosity of resin-bonded grinding wheels and cut-off wheels. It can be used alone or with other active fillers in organic bonded abrasives.
Iron(III) Hydroxide (Ferric Hydroxide)
Iron(III) Hydroxide (Ferric Hydroxide)

Iron (III) hydroxide, Ferric hydroxide (Fe(OH)₃), is frequently used as an adsorbent to remove various heavy metals (i.e., arsenic and chromium) from contaminated soil and water. Ferric hydroxide granular is available in two phases Fe(OH₃) and ß-FeOOH. Please note: Ferric hydroxide slurry is not a stocked product; 2 - 3 weeks lead time is necessary for production. The slurry will discolor over time and separate since Ferric hydroxide is not soluble in water and must be mixed very well before use.

Jeweler's Rouge (Fe₂O₃)
Jeweler's Rouge (Fe₂O₃)

A very fine powder of ferric oxide, Iron(III) oxide, is known as jeweler's rouge, red rouge, or simply rouge. It is used to put the final polish on metallic jewelry and lenses and has been used historically as a cosmetic. Rouge cuts more slowly than some modern polishes, such as cerium(IV) oxide, but it is still used in optics fabrication and by jewelers for its superior finish. It can be applied on buffing wheels by gently pressing the compound to the spinning wheel. The heat and friction of the spinning wheel will transfer a small amount of the compound onto the wheel for polishing. This extremely fine compound will not scratch or cut away the finest or softest of metals and is used to polish gold, silver, brass, copper, and nickel to a mirror finish. When polishing gold, the rouge slightly stains the gold, which contributes to the appearance of the finished piece. Rouge is sold as a powder, paste, laced on polishing cloths, or solid bar (with a wax or grease binder). The rouge cloth has a side impregnated with red jewelers' rouge for polishing and cleaning surface oxidation. The other side is a cloth for final polishing.

Kaolin Powder (Al₂Si₂O₅(OH)₄)
Kaolin Powder (Al₂Si₂O₅(OH)₄)
Kaolin, Anhydrous aluminum silicate (Al₂Si₂O₅(OH)₄), is a white soft plastic clay with low iron content. It is characterized by high brightness and is non-abrasive with naturally fine particles. It is refractory, remains white after calcination, and is a weak conductor of heat and electricity. Kaolin is hydrophilic and easily dispersed in water.
Lanthanum Carbide (LaC₂)
Lanthanum Carbide (LaC₂)
Lanthanum carbide (LaC₂) is a water-reactive and flammable yellow crystalline solid. Purities between 99% and 99.9%
Lanthanum (La) Metal
Lanthanum (La) Metal
Lanthanum (La) is one of the most reactive rare earth metals. It is silvery-white, soft, ductile, and malleable. It oxidizes rapidly when exposed to air and reacts with water temperature dependently. It burns easily when ignited.
Lanthanum(III) Oxide (La₂O₃)
Lanthanum(III) Oxide (La₂O₃)
Lanthanum(III) oxide, or Lanthana, is a white, water-insoluble solid. It can be dissolved in an acidic solution and is hygroscopic. Lanthanum oxide has p-type semiconducting properties. It has the largest bandgap of the rare earth metal oxides (4.3 eV), the lowest lattice energy, and a very high dielectric constant. Lanthana confers increased density, refractive index, and hardness to optical glasses. Purities available are between 99.9% and 99.999%
Lead Zirconate Titanate (PZT)
Lead Zirconate Titanate (PZT)
Lead Zirconate Titanate (PZT), or Lead zirconium titanium oxide, is a white (to off-white) solid which is a ceramic perovskite material that shows a marked piezoelectric effect with a large relative permittivity. Purity: 99.9%
Lead(II) Oxide (PbO) / Litharge
Lead(II) Oxide (PbO) / Litharge
Litharge, a natural form of Lead(II) Oxide, sometimes referred to as Lead Monoxide, is a poisonous yellow or reddish-yellow solid. It is known to increase the refractive index and electrical resistivity of glass while decreasing the viscosity. It also increases the ability of the glass to absorb X-rays. In industrial ceramics, Litharge makes the materials more magnetically and electrically inert. Purity: 99.0% to 99.999%
Lead(II) Sulfide (PbS)
Lead(II) Sulfide (PbS)
Lead(II) Sulfide (PbS) is a soft, silvery to black irregularly shaped crystalline powder that is stable at ambient temperature. It is insoluble in water and diluted acids but soluble in HN02 and dilute hot HCl. Lead(II) sulfide is an inert compound that is a semiconductor, photoconductor, and infrared radiation material. These properties lend to its use in electronic components.
Limestone (CaCO₃)
Limestone (CaCO₃)
Limestone is a sedimentary rock composed primarily of calcite, a calcium carbonate mineral, CaCO₃. It is hydrophobic and is produced by crushing, grinding, precipitation, and classifying high purity, white, and calcite limestone. Purities available from 98% to 99.9%
Lithium (Li) Metal
Lithium (Li) Metal
Lithium (Li) is a soft, silvery alkali metal. While it is the least reactive of the alkali metals, it reacts vigorously with water. Lithium has the lowest density of all metals; however, it has the highest specific heat of any solid element, making it useful in heat transfer applications.
Lithium Oxide (Li₂O)
Lithium Oxide (Li₂O)
Lithium Oxide (Li₂O), also known as Lithia, is a white hygroscopic crystal. Many materials are evaluated based on the lithium oxide content in them. Purity: 95%
Lutetium (Lu) Metal & Granules
Lutetium (Lu) Metal & Granules
Lutetium (Lu) is a rare earth metal silvery-white, hard, and dense with a high melting point. Lutetium is relatively stable in the air and reacts slowly with water. Purity 99-99.9%
Lutetium(III) Oxide (Lu₂O₃)
Lutetium(III) Oxide (Lu₂O₃)
Lutetium(III) oxide, a white solid, also called lutecia, is a lanthanide oxide that is insoluble in water but soluble in all common acids. Lutecia exhibits favorable physical properties, such as a high melting point (around 2400ºC), phase stability, mechanical strength, hardness, thermal conductivity, and low thermal expansion; lutetium(III) oxide is not conductive to electricity. This material is offered in R&D quantities. Purity: 99.9%
Magnesium Aluminum Alloy Powder
Magnesium Aluminum Alloy Powder

Mg-AL Alloys with high amounts of magnesium (around 50%) are brittle and more susceptible to corrosion than aluminum making them unsuitable for most engineering uses. These alloys are flammable when powdered, are more resistant to corrosion than pure magnesium, and are more reactive than pure aluminum, making them useful for pyrotechnics as a metal fuel and to produce sparks. The brittleness of the alloy makes it easily broken by a hammer and ground into usable powder, which is beneficial for pyrotechnics. Magnesium Aluminum powder is a silver-gray solid metallic powder.

Magnesium Chloride (MgCl₂)
Magnesium Chloride (MgCl₂)
Magnesium Chloride (MgCl₂) is a colorless crystalline electrically conductive solid that is soluble in water and alcohol. Anhydrous magnesium chloride is highly hygroscopic and must be stored in a dry, and suitably ventilated place, and leakage must be avoided. It is incompatible with steel, brass & aluminum due to its corrosive nature.
Magnesium DiBoride (MgB₂)
Magnesium DiBoride (MgB₂)
Magnesium Diboride (MgB₂), is a dark gray, water-insoluble solid that becomes superconducting at 39 K (−234 °C). Typical purity= 99% (Ca= <600 ppm)
Magnesium Fluoride (MgF₂)
Magnesium Fluoride (MgF₂)
Magnesium Fluoride (MgF₂), also referred to as Magnesium Difluoride, is a white crystalline alkaline earth metal salt utilized in optical devices. It has high transparency, a low refractive index (n≈1.36), a high threshold to laser-induced damage, high hardness, and excellent stability in hostile environments. In UV light, it fluoresces purple.
Magnesium (Mg) Metal
Magnesium (Mg) Metal

Magnesium (Mg) is a light, moderately hard, silvery-white metal that ignites easily in the air and burns with a bright light. It is strong, has good heat dissipation and dampening, and is easy to weld, forge, cast or machine. It can improve the mechanical, fabrication, and welding characteristics when used as an alloying agent since it has a low density and is the lightest structural metal (a third lighter than aluminum). It also has good electrical properties. Magnesium turnings and chips are produced by milling commercial and high-purity magnesium, keeping size under control to obtain the desired specific surface and reactivity. They are silver-white. initially, but can turn to a dark gray if stored improperly. Purity: Standard purity (99.8% Mg) Ultra-high purity (99.98% Mg)

Magnesium (Mg) Powder
Magnesium (Mg) Powder

Magnesium (Mg) Powder is a light, moderately hard, silvery-white metal that ignites easily in the air and burns with a bright light. It is strong, has good heat dissipation and dampening, and is easy to weld, forge, cast or machine. It can improve the mechanical, fabrication, and welding characteristics when used as an alloying agent since it has a low density and is the lightest structural metal (a third lighter than aluminum). It also has good electrical properties. Purity: 99.95% ("ultra-pure" magnesium) 99.8% ("pure" magnesium) 99.7% or less (alloyed magnesium)

Magnesium Oxide (MgO)
Magnesium Oxide (MgO)

Magnesium oxide is a mineral that occurs naturally as periclase and is a source of magnesium. MgO has the acid buffering capacity and related effectiveness in stabilizing dissolved heavy metal species. Pharmaceutical Grade: Must conform to the USP, JP, and BP specifications Food Additive Grade: Must conform to the FCC specification Additional particle sizes available

Magnetite / Black Iron Oxide
Magnetite / Black Iron Oxide
Magnetite is an iron-oxide based mineral that contains equal amounts of iron(II) (FeO) and iron(III) (Fe₂O₃), with an empirical formula, Fe₃O₄, and it is often expressed as iron(II,III) oxide. Magnetite is a natural iron oxide magnet and the most magnetic of all the minerals on Earth. It is a black powder used extensively as a black pigment, Mars Black.
Manganese Dioxide (MnO₂)
Manganese Dioxide (MnO₂)

Manganese Dioxide (MnO₂), or Manganese (IV) Oxide, is a blackish or brown solid that occurs naturally as the mineral pyrolusite, the main ore of manganese.

Manganese (Mn) Metal
Manganese (Mn) Metal
Manganese (Mn) Metal is a lustrous, steel-gray metal that resembles iron but is harder and very brittle, making its applications as a pure metal minimal, and mainly used in alloys, such as steel. In steel, manganese greatly improves strength, wear resistance, hardness, and many other qualities, and forms highly ferromagnetic alloys when combined with aluminum and antimony or copper. Typical "as received" Physical Properties of -325 Mesh* Electrolytic Manganese Powder Apparent Density g/cm3: 2.4 - 3.4 Purity: 99.6% up to 99.99%
Manganese Oxide (MnO)
Manganese Oxide (MnO)

Manganese Oxide (MnO), or Manganese (II) Oxide, is a green crystalline compound

Manganin Alloy
Manganin Alloy

Manganin is a trademarked name for an alloy of typically 86% copper, 12% manganese, and 2% nickel. It has a very low-temperature coefficient of the resistance value, and its electrical resistance is found to be constant over a range of temperatures.

Metal Solder
Metal Solder
Solder is a versatile metal alloy used for joining or repairing metal components in various industries, including electronics, plumbing, and jewelry making. Made from a combination of metals such as lead, tin, and copper, solder has a low melting point, making it easy to use in various applications. Solder comes in various forms, each with unique properties, making it ideal for specific applications. Regardless of the form, solder is easy to work with and provides a durable bond. Solder also has good electrical conductivity, making it an ideal choice for electrical applications.
Mica
Mica
Reade offers Muscovite Mica mined in the USA. Muscovite Mica is a hydrated silicate of potassium and aluminum, otherwise known as potassium aluminum silicate. KAl₂(AlSi₃O₁₀)(F,OH)₂, or (KF)₂(Al₂O₃)₃(SiO₂)₆(H₂O). It offers flexibility, and toughness, is relatively soft, has a low coefficient of thermal expansion, exceptional electrical properties, and excellent chemical resistance. It can be a reinforcing agent that will impart excellent dimensional stability to molded parts, reduce flammability, and reduce creep.
Micaceous Iron Oxide (MIO)
Micaceous Iron Oxide (MIO)
Micaceous iron oxide is a naturally occurring mineral that is water resistant and forms a protective overlapping plate barrier that prevents corrosion infiltration when applied to metallic surfaces. Flakes formed by micaceous iron oxide are weather-resistant, reflect ultraviolet light, allow water vapor to escape from the substrate, and are chemically resistant. It has been used in corrosion and weather-resistant paint for over 100 years, with the Eiffel Tower being one example of where it has been used.
Misch Metal
Misch Metal
Misch Metal is an alloy of cerium (50%), lanthanum (25%), neodymium (18%), praseodymium (5%), and other rare earth metals to improve the physical properties of an existing alloy. Misch metal is mixed with iron to improve its malleability. It is added to copper alloys to make them harder. Mischmetal is added to aluminum alloys to make them stronger. In combination with magnesium alloys, mischmetal reduces creep. Nickel alloys are added to reduce oxidation.
Molybdenum Carbide (Mo₂C)
Molybdenum Carbide (Mo₂C)
Molybdenum carbide is a refractory ceramic with a high melting point and excellent wear resistance. It finds uses in high-temperature applications. It has a high surface area and a unique crystal structure which gives it catalytic properties.
Molybdenum Cellular Foam
Molybdenum Cellular Foam
Molybdenum Cellular Foam is available by CVD coating Reticulated Vitreous Carbon foam (RVC). CVD results from the chemical reaction of gaseous precursor(s) at a heated substrate to yield a fully dense deposit. The plant uses chemical Vapor Deposition to apply refractory metals and ceramics as thin coatings on various substrates (in this case, RVC foam) to produce freestanding thick-walled structures. Original foam stocked in ~20x20x7” billets and specific sizes can be machined from stock. Specify the required size in the comments. All foams are available in 10, 20, 30, 45, 65, 80, & 100 pores per inch (PPI).
Molybdenum Disilicide (MoSi₂)
Molybdenum Disilicide (MoSi₂)
Molybdenum Disilicide (MoSi₂) is a gray metallic-looking intermetallic compound that is a refractory ceramic with a moderate density, a melting point of 2030ºC and is electrically conductive. It is thermally stable but exhibits high emissivity. Typical purity is 99.5%.
Molybdenum (Mo) Metal
Molybdenum (Mo) Metal
Molybdenum (Mo) metal is silvery-white and hard but softer and more ductile than tungsten. Molybdenum has a high melting point, good resistance to corrosion, excellent wear and abrasion resistance, and good electrical and thermal conducting properties. It is valuable for alloying, as it improves the hardenability and toughness of quenched and tempered steels. Its powder is dark gray or black lustrous. Purity 99.7% to 99.98%
Molybdenum(IV) Oxide (MoO₂)
Molybdenum(IV) Oxide (MoO₂)
Molybdenum(IV) Oxide (MoO₂), sometimes referred to as Molybdenum Dioxide, is a violet-colored solid that has good electrical conductivity due to the presence of delocalized electrons in its valence band. It is air sensitive and incompatible with strong oxidizing agents and strong bases. Purities available between 99% and 99.999%
Molybdenum(IV) Sulfide (MoS₂)
Molybdenum(IV) Sulfide (MoS₂)
Molybdenum(IV) sulfide (MoS₂), or Molybdenum Disulfide, is a dark gray or black powder that is a solid-state lubricant. It is a two-dimensional layered material, giving it a low coefficient of friction and high chemical, thermal, and pressure stability.
Molybdenum(VI) Oxide (MoO₃)
Molybdenum(VI) Oxide (MoO₃)
Molybdenum (VI) Oxide (MoO₃), sometimes referred to as Molybdenum Trioxide, is a yellow solid that is thermally stable and not very soluble in water but is in concentrated acids and bases. It is the most widely produced Molybdenum compound. It is a wide bandgap-type semiconductor with distinctive electrochromic, thermochromic, and photochromic properties. Purities available between 99% and 99.999%
Mullite (3Al₂O₃·2 SiO₂)
Mullite (3Al₂O₃·2 SiO₂)
Mullite (3Al₂O₃·2 SiO₂), or aluminum oxide-silicon oxide, is present in the form of needles in porcelain. It is a refractory material that is resistant to flame and molten ash, has a low, uniform coefficient of thermal expansion and a heat conductivity only slightly above that of fireclays. Normally, mullite has very fine crystals that, upon prolonged heating, become enlarged and make the product porous and permeable. Prefusing mullite produces larger crystals for more stable high-temperature refractories. Foamed mullite forms a uniform lattice honeycomb structure for lightweight, heat-resistant structural parts.
Nanoclay Powder
Nanoclay Powder

Nanoclays, also known as Montmorillonite, Bentonite, and Smectite, are non-metallic clays primarily composed of hydrated sodium calcium aluminum silicate. This clay mineral has a 2:1 expanding crystal lattice that allows water to move between the sheets, giving it very plastic properties, as they can swell or shrink as water accumulates or leaves between the layers. Their volume can increase up to six times by water absorption and form stable gels. Reade offers hydrophilic bentonite Nanoclay. H2Al2O6Si

Nanoparticle Size Standards (NIST, SRM, ASTM)
Nanoparticle Size Standards (NIST, SRM, ASTM)
Nanoparticle Size Standards are uniform polystyrene spheres calibrated in nanometers (nm) with NIST traceable methodology. 1 nanometer = 0.000000001meter 1 nm= 0.001 micrometer (µm, micron) 1 nm= 10 Angstrom units.
Nanorods
Nanorods

Nanorods, or quantum rods, are short nanowires that seem rigid and straight and are one-dimensional structures that provide a directed path for electrical transport. They are shaped like long sticks or dowels with a diameter in the nanoscale but a length that is much longer and aspect ratios between 2 and 50. Their mechanical, electrical, and optical properties depend upon their size, allowing for multiple applications. Also, nanorods may be functionalized for different applications.

Natural & Synthetic Graphite Powder
Natural & Synthetic Graphite Powder
Graphite is a soft dark grey solid of crystallized carbon. Graphite is a good conductor of heat and electricity, and due to the atomic arrangement into easily cleaved layers, graphite is used as a solid lubricant. It is odorless, tasteless, non-toxic, and chemically inert to acids and alkalis under most conditions. Many different standard granulations are available between 5 mesh USS and 0.7 microns
Neodymium (Nd) Metal
Neodymium (Nd) Metal

Neodymium (Nd) is a rare earth metal that is a soft, malleable, silvery-white metal and tarnishes in the air. It is one of the more reactive rare earth metals. It has a high electrical resistivity and is paramagnetic.

Purity 99-99.999%

Neodymium(III) Oxide (Nd₂O₃)
Neodymium(III) Oxide (Nd₂O₃)
Neodymium(III) Oxide (Nd₂O₃) is a grayish-blue crystal with a hexagonal structure. It is highly insoluble in water but soluble. It is thermally stable and not conductive to electricity. Purities available are between 99% and 99.99%
Nickel Aluminides
Nickel Aluminides
Nickel Aluminides, Al₃Ni, and Ni₃Al are intermetallic compounds that are useful because they are very strong and hard and melt only at very high temperatures. They also are widely used due to their corrosion resistance, low density, and easy production. A disadvantage is their brittleness at room temperature, which extends to high temperatures for Ni₃Al. Nickel Aluminide, Al₃Ni, is a cermet, that can be flame sprayed, and whose strengthening γ' phase precipitates in nickel-based superalloys, allowing for high-temperature strength up to 0.7-0.8 of its melting temperature.
Nickel Aluminum Bronze
Nickel Aluminum Bronze
Nickel aluminum bronze alloys are copper-based metals that are alloyed with aluminum and additions of iron and nickel. Aluminum content in bronze results in higher strength and corrosion resistance. The addition of nickel enhances both of these properties. The iron acts as a grain refiner, increasing tensile strength without diminishing the alloy's excellent ductility and toughness. Aluminum 9.0% max, Iron 4.0% max, Manganese 1.5% max, Nickel 5% max, Lead 0.03% max, Copper Bal.
Nickel Carbonyl Ni(CO)₄
Nickel Carbonyl Ni(CO)₄
Nickel carbonyl (IUPAC name: tetracarbonylnickel) is a colorless and stable organometallic complex liquid at room temperature. Like all carbonyls, it is poisonous and extremely toxic. Its volatility at room temperature has earned the compound the nickname "liquid death." Ni(CO)₄ decomposes to carbon monoxide and nickel metal on moderate heating and is the basis for the purification of nickel or plating onto surfaces.
Nickel-Chromium Alloys
Nickel-Chromium Alloys

Nickel-Chromium Alloys (NiCr), or Nichrome, are composed of different ratios of nickel and chromium, with the most common being Nichrome 80/20. Nichrome is silver-gray in color, is very durable, and has a very high melting point of ~1400 degrees C. It is resistant to electrical flow, heat, corrosion, and wear. This resistance to oxidation makes nichrome popular for use in heating elements.

Nickel-Manganese Alloy
Nickel-Manganese Alloy

An alloy of nickel (Ni) and manganese (Mn) used as a master alloy (NiM)

Nickel (Ni) Metal
Nickel (Ni) Metal
Nickel (Ni) is a lustrous, silvery-white metal with excellent corrosion resistance, even at higher temperatures. It is hard, malleable, ductile, ferromagnetic, and a reasonably charged conductor of heat and electricity. A member of the iron-cobalt group of metals, nickel is extensively used for making stainless steel and other corrosion-resistant alloys.
Nickel-Silver Alloy
Nickel-Silver Alloy
Nickel silver, also known as German silver, Argentan, paktong, new silver, nickel brass, or alpacca (or alpaca), is a copper alloy with nickel and often zinc. It is named for its silvery appearance and does not contain the element silver (Ag). These blends offer high strength, durability, and high corrosion resistance. Many different formulations of alloys fall within the general term of "Nickel Silver;” include your required chemistry in the additional notes.
Nimonic Alloy
Nimonic Alloy

NIMONIC alloys are primarily composed of nickel and chromium, with other metals, such as titanium or aluminum, added in depending on the variety. These alloys are known for their high temperature, low creep, and high performance. Due to its ability to withstand very high temperatures, Nimonic is ideal for aircraft parts and gas turbine components, such as exhaust nozzles on jet engines, where the pressure and heat are extreme.

Niobium Aluminides
Niobium Aluminides
Niobium aluminide intermetallics have attractive combinations of room-temperature and elevated-temperature fatigue and fracture properties. The niobium aluminides (NbAl, Al₃Nb) have extremely high strength (fracture toughness and fatigue crack growth resistance) at elevated temperatures above 1000ºC and good room-temperature tensile ductility.
Niobium Carbide (NbC)
Niobium Carbide (NbC)
Niobium carbide is a green cubic crystal with a metallic luster. It is a ceramic material and is amongst the hardest technical compounds known. It is an extremely hard refractory material. Purity: 99% - 99.5%
Niobium (IV) Selenide (NbSe₂)
Niobium (IV) Selenide (NbSe₂)
Niobium diselenide (NbSe₂) is a gray-black solid that is a two-dimensional layered inorganic nanomaterial. It has higher electrical conductivity than graphite and a wide temperature stability range. It is used as a lubricant and conductor at high temperatures and high vacuum.
Niobium (Nb) Metal
Niobium (Nb) Metal

Niobium (Nb), also referred to as Columbium, is a silvery metal that is very resistant to corrosion due to a layer of oxide on its surface. It has superconductive properties and is comparatively soft and ductile when very pure. Niobium improves strength when used in alloying. 99.8% up to 99.99%

Niobium Oxides (Nb₂O₅, NbO₂, NbO)
Niobium Oxides (Nb₂O₅, NbO₂, NbO)
Niobium oxides (NbO, NbO₂, Nb₂O₅) are versatile materials with outstanding electrical, mechanical, chemical, and magnetic properties. Niobium (V) Oxide, Nb2O5 (Niobium pentoxide), is colorless and insoluble. A fairly unreactive solid that is the most widespread precursor for other compounds and materials containing niobium. Niobium (II) Oxide, NbO (Niobium monoxide), is a gray solid with metallic conductivity. Niobium (IV) Oxide, NbO₂ (Niobium dioxide), is a bluish-black non-stoichiometric solid that is insoluble in water and is a powerful reducing agent.
Olive Pit Powders & Flour
Olive Pit Powders & Flour
Olive Pits, or stones, are natural materials that are sustainably sourced. They qualify as organic, vegan, halal, and kosher and are fully biodegradable. They have high particle stability, contain no allergens, and have a relatively homogeneous particle shape. They are a rich source of carbohydrates and easily digestible fibers.
Olivine Powder and Olivine Sand (MgFe)₂SiO₄
Olivine Powder and Olivine Sand (MgFe)₂SiO₄
Olivine is a magnesium iron silicate ((MgFe)₂SiO₄ with an olive green color and is one of the most common minerals found on earth. Olivine is hard, dense, and heavy. It has good insulating values due to low heat conductivity and high refractoriness. It is inert and has high chemical and mineralogical stability but weathers quickly. It is being looked at for its ability to sequester carbon dioxide in hopes it can aid in climate change mitigation. MgO= 45% to 49%, SiO₂= 39% to 42, FeO= 6% to 8%, CaO= 0.2% to 0.3%, Cr= 0.1% to 0.4%, Ni= 0.1% to 0.3% Al₂O₃= 0.2% to 0.8% Trace Elements= 0.3% to 0.5%
Open Cell Metal Foam
Open Cell Metal Foam
Open cell metal foam, also known as reticulated foam, features 100% open cells with a homogenous structure. The open cells provide a path through the foam in any direction, allowing gas and liquids to pass at control flow rates and buffer pressure. Open foams have high surface area-to-volume ratios which offer large heat transfer rates. They are lightweight, with high compressive strength, stiffness, energy absorption, and low specific weight. Specific properties and applications vary based on foam material. The most popular open-cell metal foam products are Aluminum and RVC foam.
Osmium (Os) Metal
Osmium (Os) Metal
One of the platinum group metals, osmium (Os), is bluish-white, lustrous, extremely hard, and brittle. It is the densest of all the elements, twice that of lead, making it very hard to fabricate. Its properties make it ideal for combining with other platinum metals to produce very hard alloys. Osmium has the platinum group's highest melting point and lowest vapor pressure. Osmium is relatively inert in ambient conditions; however, Osmium powder or sponge is pyrophoric.
Palladium (Pd) Metal
Palladium (Pd) Metal
Palladium (Pd) belongs to the platinum group of metals. Palladium is steel-white in color, except in powder form when it appears black. Palladium resists tarnishing in the air; it is soft and ductile if annealed. Palladium has the lowest density and melting point of the platinum metals and is the most reactive. At room temperature, palladium absorbs up to 900 times its volume of hydrogen.
Pecan Shell
Pecan Shell
Crushed pecan shells make up a large percentage of the nut and serve as a very useful natural organic material for many applications. Pecan Shell is available in various sizes, from coarse to medium to fine. Pecan Shell Flour RS is an antioxidant fiber source ground to 325 mesh and optimized for maximum antioxidant content.
Permalloy Alloys
Permalloy Alloys

Permalloy (Ni-Fe) is the generic term for a nickel-iron magnetic alloy with about 20% iron (Fe) and 80% nickel (Ni) content (although other formulations are available. It has a very high magnetic permeability, low coercivity, near zero magnetostriction, and significant anisotropic magnetoresistance. These properties are critical for its industrial applications, allowing it to be used in thin films where variable stresses would otherwise cause large variations in magnetic properties. Superalloy (Ni-Fe-Mo) is an alloy composed of Ni (75%), Fe (20%), and Mo (5%) and is a magnetically soft material with extremely high magnetic permeability and low coercivity.

Phosphorus (P) (Red)
Phosphorus (P) (Red)
Red phosphorus is a stable, amorphous, non-toxic solid characterized by its deep red color and powdery texture. It is a chain of P₄ molecules. Red phosphorus does not show phosphorescence and is less chemically reactive than white phosphorus. Red phosphorus does not ignite spontaneously but may be ignited by friction, static electricity, heating, or oxidizing agents. Purity: 99.99%
Piezoelectric Alloy Powders
Piezoelectric Alloy Powders

Reade’s piezoelectric alloy powders are ceramics that can generate a voltage in response to mechanical stress. The following categories of piezoelectric powder are available from Reade: Bismuth Titanate (BiT) Lead Titanate (PT) Barium Titanate (BT) Lead Metaniobate Hard Lead Titanate Zirconate (Hard PZT ) Soft Lead Titanate Zirconate (Soft PZT) "Soft" and "hard" piezo ceramics refer to dipole or domain mobility along with polarization and depolarization behavior. The use or application of the powder will determine which alloy powder is best. For example, soft piezoceramics with low polarity reversal field strengths are used for actuator applications, whereas a hard PZT material is used in high-power acoustic applications. Our lead-free piezo ceramics (BiT and BT) are used especially as ultrasonic transducers or crystalline actuator materials.

Platinum (Pt) Metal
Platinum (Pt) Metal
Platinum (Pt) is a shiny, silvery-white metal that is corrosion-resistant as much so as gold. It is malleable and ductile when pure.
Platinum-Rhodium Alloy
Platinum-Rhodium Alloy

Platinum-Rhodium Alloy (PtRh) is a platinum-based binary alloy with up to 30% Rhodium that is a continuous solid solution at high temperatures. Rhodium improves the thermoelectricity, oxidation resistance, and acid corrosion resistance of the alloy to platinum. As the concentration of rhodium increases, so does the chemical resistance and hardness of the alloy.

Potassium Ferrate (K₂FeO₄)
Potassium Ferrate (K₂FeO₄)
Potassium Ferrate (K₂FeO₄) is a purple paramagnetic salt that is a powerful oxidant throughout the entire pH range. It is stable, easily prepared, and can remain stable in moisture-excluded air for a long period. It has a non-toxic by-product Fe(III) that makes potassium ferrate(VI) an environmentally friendly oxidant for natural waters.
Potassium (K) Metal
Potassium (K) Metal
Potassium is silvery-white, soft, and light. It is the second lightest-known metal besides lithium. It has a low melting point and good conductor of heat and electricity. Potassium imparts a lavender color to a flame, and its vapor is green. It is usually not found in its native form in nature but in minerals in igneous rocks, shale, and sediment. It is one of the most electropositive metals, so it, like other alkali metals, is extremely reactive, decomposing rapidly in water, where it can ignite spontaneously. Purity: 98-99.5%
Potassium Nitrate (KNO₃)
Potassium Nitrate (KNO₃)
Potassium nitrate, KNO₃, also known as saltpeter, is a white crystalline substance that is a strong oxidizer. Reade offers 4 grades of Potassium Nitrate powder.
Praseodymium (Pr) Metal
Praseodymium (Pr) Metal

Praseodymium (Pr) is a rare earth metal that is soft, silvery-yellow, malleable, and ductile. It is more corrosion-resistant in the air than other rare earth metals. Praseodymium is never found free in nature, appearing only in a combined form with other rare earth metals in various minerals. Praseodymium forms brightly colored compounds. Purity 99-99.9%

Praseodymium(III, IV) Oxide (Pr₆O₁₁)
Praseodymium(III, IV) Oxide (Pr₆O₁₁)
Praseodymium(III, IV) oxide (Pr₆O₁₁) is a dark brown powder that is insoluble in water and is only soluble in strong acid. It is stable at normal temperatures and pressure. Powder is available down to 5 microns or less. Purity: 99.9%, 99.99% (REO basis)
Praseodymium(III) Oxide (Pr₂O₃)
Praseodymium(III) Oxide (Pr₂O₃)
Praseodymium(III) oxide (Pr₂O₃) is a yellow-green amorphous solid that is insoluble in water and is stable at normal temperature and pressure. It can block infrared radiation and has dielectric properties when combined with other elements.
Pumice Powder
Pumice Powder

Pumice, amorphous aluminum silicate, is a very light colored, frothy volcanic rock that is formed from lava full of gas. It is very light and can float on water. Pumice is amorphous and is generally inert with a neutral pH. Due to its porous nature, pumice is amazingly lightweight. However, it is easily crushed and refined without losing its utility at any grade. Pumice is a sustainable and abundant resource.

Quartz (SiO₂)
Quartz (SiO₂)
Quartz is the second most abundant of all minerals, is hard, crystalline, and composed of SiO₂. It is a free-flowing granular solid. It is hard, wear-resisting, and stable. As a filtration media, it can effectively remove suspended solids, organic matter, and colloidal particles. Quartz crystals can exhibit a piezoelectric effect and produce an electric voltage along certain directions of the crystal under pressure. Purities are available between 99% and 99.99% Special Notice: Our highest purity quartz powder ("Super Pure Quartz") has the following typical chemistry (stated in ppm): Na= 0.83, K= 0.74, Li= 0.131, Ca= 0.45, Mg= <0.004, Fe= 0.16, Cu= 0.016, Mn= 0.005, Ni= 0.380, Cr= 0.028, Co= <0.024, Al= 4.07, Ti= <0.05, B= 0.02, and P= 0.02
Raney Nickel (Nickel Aluminide) (NiAl)
Raney Nickel (Nickel Aluminide) (NiAl)
Nickel aluminide (NiAl) is a sintered compound of nickel and aluminum that has good high-temperature heat, thermal shock, and oxidation resistance. It has a low density but sizable transverse rupture strength (twice that of cobalt-bonded titanium carbide) and has impact resistance better than most ceramic, intermetallic compounds, and some cermets. It is used for highly stressed parts in high-temperature equipment. The wire form of Raney nickel wire form is used for welding, flame coating, and hard surfacing. NiAl also is resistant to attack by molten glass and red and white fuming nitric acid. Purity 99.0%
René® Superalloys (41, 80, 95)
René® Superalloys (41, 80, 95)
René® superalloys are age-hardened nickel-chromium alloys that have high strength and are high-temperature and corrosion-resistant. They are suitable for use at both cryogenic temperatures as well as higher temperature use up to 1300 F. René® 41 Chemical Composition Cr= 18.00-20.00%, Ni= remainder, Mo= 9.00-10.50%, Co= 10.00-12.00%, Al= 1.40-1.80%, Ti= 3.00-3.30%, Fe= 5.00% max., plus other minor impurities René 80: Ni= 60.0%, Cr= 14.0%, Co= 9.5%, Ti= 5.0%, Mo= 4.0%, W= 4.0%, Al= 3.0%, C= 0.17%, B= 0.015% and Zr= 0.03% René® 80 Chemical Composition: Ni= 60.0%, Cr= 14.0%, Co= 9.5%, Ti= 5.0%, Mo= 4.0%, W= 4.0%, Al= 3.0%, C= 0.17%, B= 0.015% and Zr= 0.03% René®95 Chemical Composition René 95: Ni= 61.0%, Cr= 14.0%, Co= 8.0%, Mo= 3.5%, W= 3.5%, Nb= 3.5%, Al= 3.5%, Ti= 2.54%, Fe= <0.3%, C= 0.16%, B= 0.01% and Zr= 0.05%
Rhenium Diboride (ReB₂)
Rhenium Diboride (ReB₂)
Rhenium diboride (ReB₂) is a synthetic super hard metal formed from a mixture of rhenium, noted for its resistance to high pressure and boron, which forms short, strong covalent bonds with rhenium. It has a hardness comparable to diamond, and since its production does not involve high pressures, it has a relatively low production price compared to other hard synthetic materials. Purity: Up to 99.999%
Rhenium (Re) Metal
Rhenium (Re) Metal
Rhenium (Re) is a very dense metal with a very high melting point second only to tungsten. It retains its crystalline structure at temperatures up to its melting point. Rhenium resists wear and withstands arc corrosion. It is gray to black in powder form, silvery-white, and lustrous as a solid. Purity 99.99%
Rhodium (Rh) Metal
Rhodium (Rh) Metal
Rhodium (Rh) is a silvery-white metal in the platinum group. It has a very reflective surface. It is very hard, durable, and highly resistant to corrosion. It is harder and has a higher melting point than platinum and palladium, making it a useful hardening element in alloying. Rhodium has the highest electrical and thermal conductivity of the group. Purities Available: 99.8% to 99.95%
Rice Hull
Rice Hull
Rice Hulls are a recycled resource. They are the hard protective coverings of grains of rice. In addition to protecting rice during the growing season, rice hulls can be used as a building material, fertilizer, insulation material, or fuel. Rice hulls are part of the chaff of the rice. Rice hulls are buff-colored to a light brown meal consisting primarily of the outer covering of the rice. It contains no oils.
Rubidium (Rb) Metal
Rubidium (Rb) Metal

Rubidium (Ru) is a soft, silvery-white alkali metal. It is very electropositive and alkaline. Rubidium forms amalgams with mercury and alloys with gold, cesium, sodium, and potassium. It is highly reactive, igniting spontaneously in air and reacting vigorously in water. Rubidium has a high heat capacity and heat transfer coefficient. Purity 99.9%

Ruthenium (Ru) Metal
Ruthenium (Ru) Metal
Ruthenium (Ru) Metal, a member of the platinum group, is a hard, lustrous, white metal that does not tarnish at room temperatures and is inert to most other chemicals. It does not occur natively but in combination with other platinum group metals. Ruthenium combines with platinum and palladium as an effective hardener, creating extremely wear-resistant alloys. It improves the corrosion resistance of titanium and is superconductive when combined with molybdenum Purity 99.9%
Samarium (Sm) Metal
Samarium (Sm) Metal
Samarium (Sm) is a rare earth metal that does not occur freely in nature. It is a lustrous, brittle, silvery-yellow metal that tarnishes in the air and rapidly dissolves in most acids. Samarium has unique magnetic properties. Purity 99-99.9%
Samarium(II) Oxide (Sm₂O₃)
Samarium(II) Oxide (Sm₂O₃)
Samarium(II) oxide (Sm₂O₃) is an important rare earth oxide and is an off-white to pale yellow water-insoluble powder. It has high melting and boiling points (2335 ºC and 4118 ºC), giving it good thermal stability. Samarium (II) oxide has a high dielectric constant, high breakdown electric field, large bandgap, low leakage current, low-frequency dispersion, and low trapping rates. It is also thermodynamically stable on Si substrate and has a high neutron absorption capacity. 99.0% to 99.995% (REO basis)
Saponite Clay Nanoparticles
Saponite Clay Nanoparticles

Saponite clay nanoparticles are nanometer-sized clay particles of minerals of the montmorillonite (smectite) group. Nanoparticles have a high surface area, surface acidity, and cation exchange capacity and swell in water. These characteristics make them very versatile to help improve surface integrity and composites' mechanical and thermal properties, adjust the consistency of industrial liquid products and serve as vehicles for drug delivery. Purity: >99%

Sapphire (Al₂O₃)
Sapphire (Al₂O₃)

This is a synthetically produced Sapphire. Single crystal Sapphire has a high thermal conductivity, volume resistivity, hardness and wear resistance, and a high upper-use temperature. The energy band gap is large (10eV). Sapphire is a transparent material with a useful wavelength transmission of 0.2 to 5.5 microns. It is much stronger than glass and can be used to view windows in high-pressure and vacuum applications. It employs transparency and extraordinary scratch resistance to glass. Purity: 99.9%

Scandium (Sc) Metal
Scandium (Sc) Metal
Scandium (Sc) is a silvery metal that tarnishes in the air, burns easily, and reacts with water. It is relatively soft and chemically similar to other rare earth metals and, while distributed widely, is not abundant. Scandium is lightweight, and its high melting point suggests applications within the aircraft industry. Purity 99-99.9%
Scandium(III) Oxide (Sc₂O₃)
Scandium(III) Oxide (Sc₂O₃)
Scandium(III) Oxide (Sc₂O₃), or Scandia, is a white rare earth metal oxide solid with a high melting point. It is heat and thermal shock resistant, making it useful in high-temperature systems. Purity: 99.9% to 99.9999%
Selenium (Se)
Selenium (Se)
Amorphous selenium is either a reddish powder, a gray metallic-looking solid, or a black, vitreous solid. This element resembles sulfur in its various forms and in its compounds. Selenium has many electrical properties, both photovoltaic, where light converts to electricity, and photoconductive, where electrical resistance decreases with increased illumination. It can also convert AC electricity to DC electricity. Purity: 99.5% to 99.99%
Shape Memory Alloys (SMA)
Shape Memory Alloys (SMA)

Shape Memory Alloys are metallic materials that return to their original shape even if they become deformed after heating. These metals also have a quality called superelasticity.

Silica Gel
Silica Gel

Silica Gel is an amorphous and porous form of silicon dioxide. It is a rigid 3D network of colloidal silica whose voids may contain liquid or gas. Silica gel is classified as aquagel (pores are filled with water), xerogel (by evaporation, the aqueous phase in the pores is removed), and aerogel (solvent removed by supercritical extraction).

Silicon Carbide (SiC)
Silicon Carbide (SiC)

Silicon carbide (SiC) is a hard, covalently bonded light grey solid that is nearly as hard as diamond. It is a refractory material (high melting point) with excellent thermal conductivity and low thermal expansion. It displays good thermal shock resistance, corrosion resistance, and stiffness. Silicon carbide is a semiconductor.

Silicon Dioxide, High Purity (SiO₂)
Silicon Dioxide, High Purity (SiO₂)
Silica, SiO₂, is non-combustible, odorless, and colorless (or white) in crystal form. High-purity silica sand is a major industrial commodity since it is almost entirely composed of silica. Silica sand products are marketed in various grades, including extremely fine flours. Note: Silicon dioxide is inert and harmless in most cases; however, inhaling finely divided silica dust over time can lead to respiratory ailments and a reduction of lung capacities. Particle sizes for Fine Ground are 5 to 40-micron Particle sizes for Precision Ground are 45-250 microns. Other particle sizes are available upon request.
Silicon-Germanium Alloy
Silicon-Germanium Alloy

Silicon germanium (SiGe) is an alloy that forms very high-speed transistors that can attain switching speeds greater than traditional semiconductors. This enables faster, more efficient devices to be manufactured using smaller, less noisy circuits than conventional silicon conductors. SiGe alloys consume less power, and extending the battery life of hand-held devices allows greater integration of components onto chips.

Silicon Nitride (Si₃N₄)
Silicon Nitride (Si₃N₄)
Silicon Nitride (Si₃N₄) is a white to slightly beige powder that has a high melting point and good chemical stability. It is thermodynamically stable, which makes it commercially important. It has a high melting point. It shows high thermal shock resistance, high strength through a wide temperature range, high fracture toughness, high hardness, and outstanding wear resistance to abrasion and corrosion. It has a smaller thermal expansion coefficient and shows small shrinkage by reheating.
Silicon (Si)
Silicon (Si)
Silicon (Si) is a semi-metal and one of the most useful elements to mankind. When ultrapure, it is solid; it has a blue-gray metallic sheen. Silicon is one of the most abundant elements on earth and is a semiconductor. Crystalline bulk silicon is inert but becomes more reactive at high temperatures. Purity 98%-99.995%
Sillimanite(Al₂SiO₅)
Sillimanite(Al₂SiO₅)

Sillimanite (Al₂SiO₅) is an aluminosilicate mineral.

Silver (Ag) Metal
Silver (Ag) Metal
Silver (Ag) is a relatively soft, shiny metal that is more ductile and malleable than any other metal, excluding gold. Silver is the best reflector of visible light known (until air causes it to tarnish). In pure air and water, it is stable. Silver has the highest electrical and thermal conductivity of all metals. Silver has antibacterial properties. Purity: 99.5% to 99.999%
Silver Oxides (Silver(I) Oxide (Ag₂O) and Silver(II) Oxide (AgO))
Silver Oxides (Silver(I) Oxide (Ag₂O) and Silver(II) Oxide (AgO))
Silver(I) Oxide (Ag₂O) is a fine black or dark brown powder that is used to prepare other silver compounds. Silver(II) Oxide (AgO), or silver peroxide, is a mixed oxidation state silver(I,III) oxide. It is a dark brown solid that decomposes with the evolution of O₂ in water. It is moisture and light-sensitive. Purity: 99% to 99.5%
Single Crystal Diamonds
Single Crystal Diamonds
Single crystal diamond is a manufactured product for industrial applications and produced by a high pressure/high temperature (HPHT) synthesis process and tightly controlled crystal growth conditions. Repeatable physical characteristics and dimensional consistency are the notable features of a synthetic single-crystal diamond. Diamond excels in its electronic properties and has high thermal conductivity and chemical stability.
Single Crystals
Single Crystals
Reade offers a variety of single-crystal elements and compounds. These materials have a continuous and consistent crystal lattice throughout the sample with no grain boundaries. Chemical and physical properties will vary depending on the crystal. Numerous shape and size options are available, please specify the size in the comments. Purities are as high as 99.999%, down to low-purity recycled abrasive grains or powders.
Smectite Clay
Smectite Clay

Smectite, Magnesium Aluminum Silicate products are water-washed smectite clays that serve as suspension stabilizers, emulsion optimizers, and rheology modifiers. The powder is light tan.

Sodium Lignosulfonate
Sodium Lignosulfonate
Sodium lignosulfonate is a natural, biodegradable material, brownish-yellow powder or liquid. It is produced from the sulfite pulping process of wood. Sodium lignosulfonate is a versatile and widely used material in various industrial applications due to its dispersant, binding, and emulsifying properties. Its natural and biodegradable nature makes it an attractive alternative to synthetic chemicals. In contrast, its ability to improve the performance and quality of products makes it a valuable additive in many industries.
Sodium (Na) Metal
Sodium (Na) Metal
Sodium, (Na) metal is a soft, silvery-white alkali metal that appears wax-like at room temperature and is brittle when cold. Sodium, extremely reactive, tarnishes within seconds of being exposed to the air. It also reacts vigorously with water. Sodium has excellent electrical conductivity and is an important heat transfer agent. The ionic form is vital to animal life. Purity from 99.95%
Sol-Gel Materials
Sol-Gel Materials
Sols are colloidal suspensions of small (<250nm) material particles within a solution and are typically composed of metal oxides. Through various processing steps, colloidal particles within the suspensions can be converted into gel-like networks by removing the solvent from the sol to cause the particles to “bridge” with themselves. Using sols and the sol-gel process, it is possible to fabricate advanced materials in various forms: ultrafine or spherical-shaped powders, thin film coatings, fibers, porous or dense materials, and extremely porous aerogel material. Visit the specifications available to see the most popular Sols sold by Reade. Additional metal oxides and dispersions are available upon request.
Spinel (MgAl₂O₄)
Spinel (MgAl₂O₄)
Spinel is a mineral composed of magnesium aluminate with a hardness of 8 on the Mohs Scale and specific gravity of 3.5–4.1. It is transparent to opaque with a vitreous to dull luster. Various impurities, such as iron, manganese, and chromium, impart different colors to the mineral. Purity: 99.8%
Spodumene
Spodumene
Spodumene, or Lithium Aluminum Silicate, once served as the most important ore of lithium metal. It is an industrial source of lithium and its salts for use in ceramics, mobile phones, and automotive batteries, medicine, and as a fluxing agent. Reade offers a Spodumene Concentrate Substitute, a mixture of naturally occurring silicates and quartz.
Sponge Iron
Sponge Iron
Sponge iron, or direct reduced iron (DRI), is a highly porous, irregularly shaped sponge-like form of iron. It typically has lower bulk density and higher surface area than conventional powders (atomized or carbonyl). It is of high consistency and purity and has high green strength and low growth. Our sponge iron powders have fairly low carbon content (<1%) and typically >97% purity or higher.
Sputtering Targets
Sputtering Targets
Sputtering Targets are necessary raw materials used in physical vapor deposition (PVD) or chemical vapor deposition (CVD). Sputtering is a physical process commonly used for thin film coating, ion etching, and analytical techniques.
Stainless Steel Powders
Stainless Steel Powders
Stainless Steel Powder has many characteristics and uses based on the grade and composition. As a whole, one of the key characteristics of stainless steel includes a chromium content between 10-30%. This allows the alloy to be more corrosion-resistant than other steels and have high strength, durability, and high and low-temperature resistance.
Strontium (Sr) Metal
Strontium (Sr) Metal
Strontium Metal (Sr) is a silvery-colored alkaline earth metal with physical and chemical properties similar to others in its family. It is a soft, silvery metal chemically reactive with oxygen and water. It is kept under mineral oil to prevent oxidation, which causes the metal to turn yellowish. Finely powdered strontium metal is pyrophoric. Strontium salts impart a bright red color when burned and are used in flares and pyrotechnics. Purity: 99.5% - 99.9%
Strontium Sulfate (SrSO₄)
Strontium Sulfate (SrSO₄)
Strontium Sulfate (SrSO₄) is a white crystalline powder that occurs in nature as the mineral celestite. Purity available: 99 % min.
Strontium Titanate (SrTiO₃)
Strontium Titanate (SrTiO₃)
Strontium titanate (SrTiO₃), or Strontium Titanium Oxide, is an insoluble powder. Insoluble in water and most solvents. It is the model system for perovskite ceramics because it is stable in the cubic crystal system above-168ºC It is a high dielectric constant material (225-250). Purity: 99.9%
Sulfur (S)
Sulfur (S)
Sulfur (S) is an element with several allotropes, the most common, S₈, appears as a yellow, odorless, and brittle crystalline solid at room temperature. It is not reflective, has a relatively low melting point, and is a good electrical insulator. Sulfur is so widely used in industrial processes that its consumption often is regarded as a reliable indicator of industrial activity. Purity: 85% - 99.9%
Synthetic Cryolite (Na₃(AlF₆)
Synthetic Cryolite (Na₃(AlF₆)
Synthetic cryolite, Na₃(AlF₆), also known as sodium aluminum fluoride or Sodium Hexafluoroaluminate is a snow-white powder. There are two grades available. Powder and U/F.
Tantalum Aluminide (TaAl₃ & Ta₃Al)
Tantalum Aluminide (TaAl₃ & Ta₃Al)
There are two tantalum aluminides, TaAl3 and Ta3Al. They are stable, refractory, and reflective and have been proposed as mirror coatings for use in the IR. Purity: 99.5%
Tantalum Carbide (TaC)
Tantalum Carbide (TaC)
Tantalum carbide (TaC) is an extremely hard (Mohs hardness 9-10), heavy, refractory crystalline ceramic material. It is a gold-colored to brown powder that is extremely resistant to chemical action at normal temperature and is an important cermet material. TaC has the highest known melting point, at 3880°C of any binary compound. Purity: 99.0% to 99.5%
Tantalum Nitride (TaN)
Tantalum Nitride (TaN)
Tantalum Nitride is a hexagonal, brown, bronze, or black crystal that is insoluble in water. Tantalum Nitride is a chemically inert refractory compound that melts at approximately 3360ºC. Powder distributions are available down to as small as 5 to 15 nanometers
Tantalum (Ta) Metal
Tantalum (Ta) Metal
Tantalum (Ta) is a shiny, silvery-gray, heavy, and very hard metal with a color like platinum when polished. It is very resistant to corrosion. It has good thermal conductivity, a high melting point, superior gettering characteristics, and good "valve" action. Purity: 99.9%, 99.95%, 99.98%, and 99.995%
Tantalum(V) Oxide (Ta₂O₅)
Tantalum(V) Oxide (Ta₂O₅)
Tantalum(V) Oxide (Ta₂O₅), Tantalum Pentoxide, is a white solid that is insoluble in all solvents. It is an inert material with a high refractive index and low absorption, which makes it useful for coatings. It has a high dielectric constant and a high bandgap. It also has high biocompatibility and resistivity. Powder Size as small as 0.65 microns Purity: 99.0%-99.997%
Tellurium (Te)
Tellurium (Te)
Tellurium (Te) is a brittle, mildly toxic, rare, silver-white metalloid that is crystalline. It has low electronegativity, is a p-type semiconductor, and shows greater conductivity in certain directions. Typical Purity: 99.5%, 99.99%, 99.9985%, 99.999%, and 99.9999+%
Tellurium(IV) Oxide (TeO₂)
Tellurium(IV) Oxide (TeO₂)
Tellurium(IV) Oxide (TeO₂2), or Tellurium Dioxide, is a crystalline white solid that has two forms. It is amphoteric and insoluble. The compound shows yellow when heating and dark yellow red when melting, and has a longitudinal speed of sound of 4,260 meters per second (14,000 ft/s) at around room temperature. Purity 99.0% up to 99.99%
Terbium (Tb) Metal
Terbium (Tb) Metal
Terbium (Tb) is a soft, silvery rare earth metal. It is one of the least abundant rare earth metals. It is malleable, ductile, and soft; it can be cut with a knife. Terbium is relatively stable in air but is more reactive in powder form. Purity 99-99.9%
Test Sand & Test Dust
Test Sand & Test Dust

How hydraulic, automotive, and aerospace application components perform when exposed to particles of sand and dust is essential during use as well as lifetime durability and performance. Sand and dust test standards address environmental conditions that materials and products may face during operation so contamination by solid particles can be controlled. These standard reference materials have been designed to improve precision and accuracy in particle counting.

Thallium (Tl) Metal
Thallium (Tl) Metal

Thallium (Tl) is a soft, silvery-white metal that tarnishes easily; its use is limited due to its toxicity. Thallium is very soft and malleable, inelastic, and heavy. Purity: 99.9%, 99.99%, and 99.999%

Thermal Spray - HVOF Powders
Thermal Spray - HVOF Powders
Thermal Spray and HVOF powders are used to make spray coatings that are applied to metal substrates, plastic, or ceramic base materials. They enhance the component's performance by providing improved wear resistance, corrosion resistance, or thermal protection. HVOF powders offer a versatile and effective alternative to other coating methods as various materials based on the customer’s needs are available. Thermal spray coatings can be done with metals, cermets, ceramics, and polymers with minimal porosity and very high bond strengths without melting or substantially heating the substrate. Reade offers iron, nickel, copper, ceramic, and carbide-based thermal spray powders.
Thermal Spray - HVOF Wire
Thermal Spray - HVOF Wire
Thermal Spray and HVOF Wire are offered in a wide variety of pure metal and metal alloy wires, including nickel-, iron-, aluminum-, copper-, and zinc-based wires and specialty wires such as titanium, molybdenum, and indium. We also offer cored wires which allow the use of materials and compositions that can’t be drawn into wire form. This technology allows materials such as carbides in the metallic matrix and high-temperature materials like MCrAIYs to be used for demanding wear applications and with engineered composites through arc spray.
Thermite
Thermite
Reade offers Pure Thermit®. This mixture consists of Iron (III) Oxide and Aluminum powder mixture in stoichiometric ratios to yield the maximum reaction temperature in a very short period. It is used for applications of heat shock testing. The particle size distribution of the mixture is between – 800 microns + 75 microns and the bulk of the material (75%) falls in the 425 to 150-micron range. Reade also offers custom thermit mixes that can consist of Carbon, Manganese, and Silicon with varying micro-alloy contents depending on the hardness the customer requires. Pure Thermit® is a registered trademark of Orgo-Thermit.
Thulium (Tm) Metal
Thulium (Tm) Metal
Thulium (Tm)is a rare earth metal and is one of the least abundant rare earth elements. It is silvery-gray, soft, malleable, ductile, and can be cut with a knife. The pure metal is bright and lustrous, and reasonably stable in air. Purity 99%
Tin (Sn) Metal
Tin (Sn) Metal
Tin (Sn) is a silvery-white, lustrous, malleable, ductile metal that changes slowly to a more brittle form below 55°F (13°C). Tin's chemical resistance and ability to be highly polished make it useful for coating other metals to prevent corrosion. Tin Powder is available in a near-teardrop particle shape. Tin nanopowder is available in a spherical particle shape. Purity >99.5% tin; Apparent density 2.0 g/cc to 4.0 g/cc
Tin(II) Oxide (SnO)
Tin(II) Oxide (SnO)
Tin(II) Oxide or Stannous Oxide (SnO) is a blue-black powder that is a reducing agent. It is insoluble in water. It is unstable in the air, will slowly oxidize to tin(IV) oxide, and has a melting point of 1976°F (1080°C). Purity: 99.9% to 99.999%
Tin(IV) Oxide (SnO₂)
Tin(IV) Oxide (SnO₂)
Tin(IV) Oxide, or Stannic Oxide (SnO₂), is a naturally occurring white powder that is colorless, amphoteric, and diamagnetic. It is insoluble in water. It has a refractive index of 2.006. Purity: 99.9% to 99.999%
Titanium Alloys
Titanium Alloys
Titanium alloys contain mixtures of titanium and other chemical elements. They are lightweight alloys with high tensile strength and toughness, even at extreme temperatures. They are also very corrosion-resistant. Titanium alloys are generally classified into four main categories: Alpha alloys which contain neutral alloying elements and alpha stabilizers only and are not heat-treatable. Near-alpha alloys contain a small amount of ductile beta-phase. Alpha-beta alloys are metastable, generally include some combination of alpha and beta stabilizers, and can be heat treated. Beta and near beta alloys are metastable and contain sufficient beta stabilizers to maintain the beta phase when quenched. They can also be solution-treated and aged to improve strength. The ASTM International standard on titanium and titanium alloy seamless pipe reference the following alloys, requiring the following treatment: Grades 1-4 are unalloyed and considered commercially pure. Generally, the tensile and yield strength goes up with the grade number for these "pure" grades. The difference in their physical properties is primarily due to the number of interstitial elements. Grade 7 contains 0.12 to 0.25% palladium. This grade is similar to Grade 2. The small quantity of palladium added gives it enhanced crevice corrosion resistance at low temperatures and high pH. Grade 11 contains 0.12 to 0.25% palladium. This grade has enhanced corrosion resistance.
Titanium Aluminides (TiAl, Ti₃Al, TiAl₃, Ti-48Al-2Nb-2Cr, Ti2AlNb)
Titanium Aluminides (TiAl, Ti₃Al, TiAl₃, Ti-48Al-2Nb-2Cr, Ti2AlNb)
Titanium aluminide has three major intermetallic compounds: gamma TiAl, alpha 2-Ti₃Al, and TiAl₃ of which TiAl has received the most interest and applications. Titanium Aluminides are alloys that offer excellent strength-to-weight ratios and high chemical and thermal stability. They do not contain nickel which makes them attractive for nuclear applications. TiAL has excellent mechanical properties as well as oxidation and corrosion resistance at elevated temperatures (over 600 degrees Celsius). TiAl₃ has the lowest density, the highest microhardness, and the best oxidation even at high temperatures but has poor ductility, which may limit its use. Ti₂AlNb alloy has high-temperature strength, good anti-oxidation properties, and low density. It has shown long-term service temperatures of up to 923 K–973K Ti-48Al-2Cr-2Nb- has an excellent strength-to-weight ratio, almost as light as aluminum but more strength than most steel alloys. It has superb corrosion resistance and very low heat conductivity, and high flexibility. Purity 99.5%
Titanium Carbide (TiC)
Titanium Carbide (TiC)
Titanium carbide is an extremely hard, crystalline solid that melts at 3140ºC. It has a gray metallic color and is insoluble in water; but soluble in nitric acid and aqua regia. It enhances the conductivity of materials and can act as a nucleating agent. High purity and technical grades. 99.5%
Titanium Carbo Nitride (TiCN)
Titanium Carbo Nitride (TiCN)
Titanium Carbo-Nitride (TiCN) is a blue-gray high-performance coating with high hardness and good wear resistance - a very tough coating. TiCN is a step above plain titanium nitride with improved properties. Various granulations finer than 5 microns are available. Nano-scale particles are usually available.
Titanium Diboride (TiB₂)
Titanium Diboride (TiB₂)
Titanium Diboride (TiB₂) is a synthetic material that is an extremely hard ceramic with excellent heat conductivity, oxidation stability, and wear resistance. TiB₂ is a reasonable electrical conductor, can be used as a cathode material in aluminum smelting, and can be shaped by electrical discharge machining. It has exceptional hardness at extreme temperatures (due to its high melting temperature). It has many advantages over other borides, including the highest fracture toughness, compressive strength, and toughness. It is difficult to mold or sinter.
Titanium Hydride (TiH₂)
Titanium Hydride (TiH₂)
Titanium Hydride, TiH₂, is a brittle, metallic-gray solid that is stable at room temperature and inert to water and most chemical reagents. It is highly flammable, denser than water, and pyrophoric in dust. Purity: 99.0% to 99.95% Powder sized 325 mesh x down Note: Titanium Hydride is a reducing agent that reacts rapidly and dangerously with oxygen and other oxidizing agents, even weak ones. Titanium Hydride is incompatible with acids, alcohols, amines, and aldehydes.
Titanium Nitride (TiN)
Titanium Nitride (TiN)
Titanium nitride (TiN) is a hard, wear-resistant ceramic coating material with a gold color and a crystalline structure. Titanium nitride has high hardness, corrosion resistance, and wear resistance.
Titanium Silicon Carbide (Ti₃SiC₂)
Titanium Silicon Carbide (Ti₃SiC₂)
Titanium Silicon Carbide (Ti₃SiC₂) is a material with both metallic and ceramic properties and is suited for both mechanical and electrical applications. It has high fracture toughness and exhibits high-temperature stability. It also has high electrical and thermal conductivities and is moderately resistant to oxidation. Purity: 99.5%
Titanium (Ti) Metal
Titanium (Ti) Metal
Titanium (Ti) Metal is hard, shiny, and as strong as steel but less dense, giving it a high strength-to-weight ratio. It is a ductile metal that is paramagnetic and conducts heat and electricity relatively low compared to other metals. Titanium has excellent corrosion resistance. Titanium Sponge is an intermediate product used to produce titanium ingot, which in turn is used to make slab, billet, bar, plate, sheet, and other titanium mill products. Typical Purities: 93%, 99.7%, 99%, 99+%, 99.99%, 99.995%, and 99.999%, Ti-6Al-4V
Titanium(III) Nitride (TiN)
Titanium(III) Nitride (TiN)
Titanium(III) nitride or Titanium nitride is a very hard ceramic material that has high hardness, good corrosion resistance, heat resistance, excellent wear resistance, and is chemically stable. Titanium(III) nitride is brown but appears gold when applied as a coating. The compound becomes superconducting at cryogenic temperatures. Purity: 99.5%
Titanium(IV) Oxide (Anatase Grade) (TiO₂)
Titanium(IV) Oxide (Anatase Grade) (TiO₂)
Titanium(IV) Oxide (TiO₂), sometimes referred to as titanium dioxide, is an odorless and absorbent mineral. Anatase is one of the three mineral forms of Titanium (IV) oxide and has many of the same properties as the other forms regarding hardness, density, and luster; however, the cleavage and crystal form vary, which makes anatase grade less absorbent of UV rays. It is also less stable than the most common form, rutile, and will be converted to the rutile structure at higher temperatures.
Titanium(IV) Oxide (TiO₂) (Rutile Grade)
Titanium(IV) Oxide (TiO₂) (Rutile Grade)
Rutile Titanium(IV) Oxide, also known as Titanium Dioxide, is the most common form of TiO₂. It is the oxide mineral form. Rutile has a high refractive index at visible wavelengths and can absorb UV light. Titanium dioxide is an odorless, absorbent, and one of the most widely used pigments in powder form for whiteness and opacity. Purity ≥99.4%
Tool Steel / High-Speed Steel
Tool Steel / High-Speed Steel

High-Speed Steels / Tool Steel are high-performance special steels combining high toughness and hardness levels, have a high yield limit, high fatigue strength, and high fracture strength, and are suitable when abrasive/adhesive wear resistance is required. Tool steels can hold a cutting edge, resist deformation at elevated temperatures, and are useful for making objects intended to resist tampering (such as locks and hinges). Substantial proportions of elements like tungsten, molybdenum, vanadium, and chromium, which can form carbides, give tool steel these properties.

Tungsten Carbide
Tungsten Carbide
Tungsten Carbide (WC) is a dense, metal-like substance, light gray with a bluish tinge. Tungsten carbide has high decomposition points, with WC at 2770°C. WC will conduct electricity. It is hard and rigid but possesses very high strength, including compressive strength and impact resistance. Its rigidity is 2-3X the rigidity of steel and 4-6X that of cast iron and brass. The wear resistance of tungsten carbide is better than that of wear-resistance tool steels and is also corrosion-resistant and chemically resistant. WC powders are available as fine, medium, and coarse-grained cuts.
Tungsten (IV) Sulfide (WS₂)
Tungsten (IV) Sulfide (WS₂)
Tungsten (IV) Sulfide, WS₂, or Tungsten Disulfide, is a grayish-black powder that has a low friction coefficient and high load-bearing capacity making it popular as a solid lubricant. It also offers durability, wear resistance, and excellent electrical conductivity and thermal stability. It can also be added to composites to enhance strength and stiffness.
Tungsten (W) Metal
Tungsten (W) Metal
Tungsten is steel-gray to tin-white dense metal and, when very pure, can be forged, spun, drawn, and extruded. Tungsten is resistant to corrosion and stable in dry air at room temperature. Tungsten's melting point exceeds that of all other metals, and it has the lowest vapor pressure and retains its tensile strength even at extreme temperatures. Tungsten has the lowest coefficient of thermal expansion of any pure metal. Tungsten is mostly non-reactive, so it has corrosion resistance and is attacked only slightly by mineral acids. Purity: 99.9%, 99.95%, and 99.999%
Tungsten(III) Nitride (WN)
Tungsten(III) Nitride (WN)
Tungsten(III) nitride (WN) possesses unique and superior chemical, mechanical, and thermal properties. Tungsten nitride is a hard, solid, brown-colored ceramic material that is electrically conductive and decomposes in water. Purity: 99% min
Tungsten(VI) Oxide (WO₃)
Tungsten(VI) Oxide (WO₃)
Tungsten(VI) Oxide (WO₃), also known as tungsten trioxide, is a bright canary-yellow crystalline solid that, in pure form, is an electric insulator. It changes color to dark orange on heating but regains its bright yellow color when cooled. Purity: 99.9% up to 99.99%
TZM Molybdenum Alloy
TZM Molybdenum Alloy

Molybdenum alloy TZM is an alloy of molybdenum, titanium, zirconium, and carbon. It has a higher recrystallization temperature, creep strength, and tensile strength than pure molybdenum. AM TZM Powder in two particle size options to accommodate different additive manufacturing techniques. Choose from L-PBF (-50+15µm) and DED (-150+40µm) particle sizes. Additionally, if you have specific size requirements, we are equipped to produce custom sizes tailored to your needs.

Vanadium Carbide (VC)
Vanadium Carbide (VC)
Vanadium Carbide (VC) is a chemically stable extremely hard refractory ceramic. It has a Mohs hardness of 9-9.5, so it may be the hardest metal carbide. Powder available 325 mesh and finer Purity 99% and 99.9%
Vanadium (V) Metal
Vanadium (V) Metal
Vanadium is bright, silvery-white, soft, and ductile, and does not tarnish in the air nor is it affected by moisture at room temperature (above 660ºC, it readily oxidizes). The metal is very resistant to corrosion and has good structural strength.80% of the vanadium produced is used as a steel additive. Vanadium’s low neutron-absorbing properties make its alloys useful in nuclear reactors. Purity: 99.5%, 99.7%, and 99.9%
Vanadium(III) Oxide (V₂O₃)
Vanadium(III) Oxide (V₂O₃)
Vanadium(III) oxide (V₂O₃) vanadium sesquioxide or trioxide is a black solid antiferromagnetic with a critical temperature of 160 K where there is an abrupt change in its conductivity ability from metallic to insulating.
Vanadium(IV) Oxide (VO₂)
Vanadium(IV) Oxide (VO₂)
Vanadium(IV) oxide (VO₂), vanadium dioxide, is a dark blue solid that is amphoteric and has a phase transition very close to room temperature. Its electrical resistivity and opacity can also change several folds.
Vanadium(V) Oxide (V₂O₅)
Vanadium(V) Oxide (V₂O₅)
Vanadium(V) oxide (V₂O₅), vanadium pentoxide, is a brown/yellow solid and is an amphoteric oxide and an oxidizing agent. It is the most important vanadium compound, the principal precursor to vanadium alloys, and is a widely used industrial catalyst. Vanadium(V) oxide has some acute toxicity to humans, with a greater hazard from the inhalation of dust.
Walnut Shell Powder
Walnut Shell Powder
Crushed walnut Shell products including grains, flour, and powder, are biodegradable, non-toxic, and environmentally safe. They qualify as vegan and halal. The material is organic and has a harmonious light brown color and a neutral smell. It is the most common type of soft abrasive for industrial use. English Walnut Shell Scientific Name: Juglans Regia Black Walnut Shell Scientific Name: Juglans Nigra
Wollastonite (Calcium Metasilicate)
Wollastonite (Calcium Metasilicate)
Wollastonite is a white to yellowish-brown naturally occurring calcium silicate mineral. It has good strength, firing characteristics, and the ability to reduce crazing. Natural wollastonite may contain trace or minor amounts of various metal ions. Wollastonite is an industrially important mineral. It is well-known for its good fluorescence. It also has low moisture and absorption properties.
Wood's Metal Alloy
Wood's Metal Alloy

Wood's metal is used for heating baths in laboratories and as an antifriction metal. Wood's metal is useful as a low-melting solder, low-temperature casting metal, high-temperature coupling fluid in heat baths, and a fire-melted valve element in building fire sprinkler systems. Another common use is as a filler when bending thin-walled metal tubes. Other uses include making custom-shaped apertures and blocks (for example, electron-beam cutouts and lung blocks) for medical radiation treatment and making metal inlays in the wood. Wood's metal is also useful for repairing antiques.

Wurtzite Boron Nitride (w-BN)
Wurtzite Boron Nitride (w-BN)
Wurtzite Boron Nitride (w-BN) is a thermally and chemically resistant hard ceramic refractory compound with a hardness greater than diamond. It has a polycrystalline structure that provides superior cutting properties and sharpens itself during cutting. It also is isoelectronic with its diamond carbon allotropes. Wurtzite Boron Nitride can be produced in two different particle shapes: plate and regular crystal.
Xenon Difluoride (XeF₂)
Xenon Difluoride (XeF₂)
Xenon difluoride is a dense white crystalline solid that is a powerful fluorinating and oxidizing agent. It is a stable xenon compound; however, it is moisture sensitive and decomposes on contact with light or water vapor. It has a nauseating odor but low vapor pressure. Purity 99.5% min.
Ytterbium (Yb) Metal
Ytterbium (Yb) Metal

Ytterbium is used as a dopant to help improve the mechanical properties of stainless steel. It is also used as a doping material in specialty lasers. Other areas where Ytterbium is being used are memory devices and as an industrial catalyst to replace other catalysts considered too toxic and polluting due to its chemical racing ability.

Yttria Stabilized Zirconium Oxide (YSZ)
Yttria Stabilized Zirconium Oxide (YSZ)
Zirconium Oxide (ZrO₂), or Zirconia, and Yttrium Oxide (Y₂O₃), or Yttria, are combined to add stability to the structure of zirconium at room temp. YSZ, or Yttria Stabilized Zirconia, is hard and chemically inert, with ion-conducting properties. YSZ has high strength and corrosion resistance. High purity and all grades are low in micron size.
Yttrium Oxide (Y₂O₃)
Yttrium Oxide (Y₂O₃)
Yttrium Oxide, or Yttria, is the most thermodynamically stable compound in the oxide group. Its high-temperature stability makes it useful as a refractory material, as it has a thermal expansion that's less than that of alumina, magnesia, and zirconia. Various purities are available between 99.9% and 99.99%
Yttrium (Y) Metal
Yttrium (Y) Metal

Yttrium (Y) is a moderately soft, ductile, silvery rare earth metal. It is quite stable in the air and is reactive with most acids. Purity 99-99.9%

Zeolites, Natural and Synthetic
Zeolites, Natural and Synthetic

Zeolites are hydrated aluminosilicate minerals that contain exchangeable alkali and alkaline metals. They can be natural or synthetic. They are characterized by a framework structure that encloses interconnected cavities occupied by ion-exchangeable large metal cations and water molecules, permitting ion exchange and reversible dehydration.

They have pore structures, which create large effective surface areas, which gives them superior adsorptive and filtration qualities. They also have adjustable acidities, are thermally stable, and are reusable, making them active in various reactions.

Zero-Valent Iron
Zero-Valent Iron

Zero-Valent Iron (ZVI / NZVI / EZVI) is a form of elemental iron that reduces inorganic ions in water because ZVI is fairly reactive in water and can serve as an excellent electron donor. Zero-valent iron (ZVI) has been successfully used for the degradation of a wide range of organic contaminants in groundwaters in recent years, including selenium (Se), arsenic (As), lead (Pb), and mercury (Hg), and many other pollutants. The rate of degradation of contaminants may be enhanced by the use of nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) particles which possess higher surface area than the more widely used granular materials. nZVI can also be used to create Emulsified Zero-valent Iron for groundwater treatment.

Zinc Formaldehyde Sulfoxylate
Zinc Formaldehyde Sulfoxylate
Zinc formaldehyde sulfoxylate (ZnC₂H₄O₆S₂), also known as zinc formaldehyde sulfoxylate monohydrate, is a white crystalline powder that is a strong reducing agent that can effectively reduce a wide range of organic and inorganic compounds. Zinc formaldehyde sulfoxylate is considered a safe and effective reducing agent for industrial use. However, it can be potentially hazardous if not handled or stored properly.
Zinc Oxide (ZnO)
Zinc Oxide (ZnO)
Zinc Oxide (ZnO) is a white insoluble inorganic compound. It is relatively soft with high heat capacity, high heat conductivity, low thermal expansion, and a high melting temperature. It occurs naturally as the mineral zincite; however, most zinc oxide is produced synthetically. Reade sources of Zinc oxide meet USP and FDA requirements and are available for medical, sunscreens, UV-blocking coatings, and ceramic applications. Purities range between 99.0% and 99.999%, including pharmaceutical and advanced ceramic grades.
Zinc Selenide (ZnSe)
Zinc Selenide (ZnSe)
Zinc Selenide is a light-yellow, solid compound that is chemically inert, non-hygroscopic, highly pure, intrinsic semiconductor. It has extremely low bulk losses due to absorption and scatter, has a high resistance to thermal shock, and is stable in virtually all environments. The powder is available down to 3 microns on average. Purity 99% to 99.99%
Zinc Sulfide (ZnS)
Zinc Sulfide (ZnS)
Zinc sulfide is a white to gray-white or pale yellow powder that exists naturally as a blend of two crystalline forms, an alpha (wurtzite) and a beta (sphalerite). When zinc sulfide contains water, it slowly oxidizes to sulfate on exposure to air but is stable if kept dry. Zinc Sulfide has a high refractive index (~2.35 at 500 nm) and a broad transmittance range from 400 nm to 14 µm.
Zinc (Zn) Metal
Zinc (Zn) Metal

Zinc is a bluish-white, lustrous metal with fair electrical conductivity. It is brittle at room temperature but malleable at 100 to 150ºC. Zinc is used predominantly as an alloy with other metals to galvanize them to prevent rusting. Various purities are available between 99.9% to 99.9999%.

Zirconia Mullite (Al₂O₃ + ZrO₂ + SiO₂)
Zirconia Mullite (Al₂O₃ + ZrO₂ + SiO₂)
A fused mullite composed of sizable needle-like mullite crystals containing co-precipitated monoclinic ZrO₂. Zirconia Mullite is characterized by high chemical purity, low thermal expansion, and high thermal shock resistance. Zirconia mullite has a high resistance to environmental corrosion and a low coefficient of thermal expansion.
Zirconium Carbide (ZrC)
Zirconium Carbide (ZrC)

Zirconium carbide (ZrC) is an extremely hard refractory ceramic material that is a gray metallic powder with a cubic crystal structure. It has good high-temperature mechanical properties, excellent electrical and thermal conductivity, a high melting point, and strong chemical resistance. Under irradiation, it demonstrates low neutron absorption cross-section and weak damage sensitivity. Various standard granulations are available below 106 microns. Purities: 99.0% & 99.5%

Zirconium Diboride (ZrB₂)
Zirconium Diboride (ZrB₂)

Zirconium Diboride (ZrB₂), or zirconium diboride, is a hard, gray powder that melts at 3246°C and is classified as an ultra-high temperature ceramic (UHTC). It has a relatively low density of ~6.09 g/cm3 (dependent on hafnium impurity), good high-temperature strength and hardness, relatively high thermal and electrical conductivities, and strong neutron control ability. ZrB₂ is toxic.

Zirconium (III) Nitride (ZrN)
Zirconium (III) Nitride (ZrN)

Zirconium (III) nitride (ZrN) is a golden-yellow colored ceramic with high hardness, wear resistance, and corrosion resistance. The coating can be applied to various materials, including metals, ceramics, and plastics, to enhance durability and reduce surface wear and tear. Typical Purity 99.5%

Zirconium Oxide (Zirconia)(ZrO₂)
Zirconium Oxide (Zirconia)(ZrO₂)
Zirconium Oxide (ZrO₂), also known as Zirconia, is a hard white amorphous powder derived from zirconium. It is one of the most widely used ceramic oxides. It is stable at elevated temperatures, demonstrates mechanical resistance, is chemically inert, is corrosion-resistant, and has abrasive properties. These properties make zirconium oxide useful in refractory products, ceramics, and electronic applications. Reade offers two grades. DURAZON MCG is a dense, granular, electric arc fused monoclinic zirconia grain. The electric arc fused zirconia is poured from a state-of-the-art tilt furnace that ensures product uniformity. This zirconia is thermally stable to very high temperatures (2500ºC), has low thermal conductivity, and is chemically inert. DURAZON CSG is a dense, granular, electric arc fused stabilized zirconia. Durazon CSG stabilized zirconia is a blend of zirconium oxide and approximately 4% calcium oxide. This produces a product with about 75% cubic zirconia plus 25% monoclinic zirconia. The electric arc fused zirconia is poured from a state-of-the-art tilt furnace that ensures product uniformity. This highly stabilized calcia-stabilized zirconia is thermally stable to very high temperatures (2500ºC) and chemically inert in oxidizing and reducing atmospheres.
Zirconium Silicate (ZrSiO₄)
Zirconium Silicate (ZrSiO₄)
Zircon, zirconium silicate (ZrSiO₄), is a mineral that always contains hafnium in quantities ranging from 1 to 4%. It is hard, and Zircon (not to be confused with cubic zirconia) varies between colorless, yellow-golden, red, brown, and green, sometimes changing color by heat treatment. As a powder, Zircon is a coarse or fine white mineral powder that is chemically inert and stable to very high temperatures. Insoluble in water and immune to acid attack except by sulfuric acid, only when ground into a fine powder. Zircon sand has a low enlargement coefficient and may be very stable at high temperatures. In powdered form, zirconium dioxide is vibrant white, exceedingly reflective, and thermally stable. Reade offers calcined and uncalcined milled zircon. Please specify your requirements in the additional notes.
Zirconium (Zr) Metal
Zirconium (Zr) Metal
Zirconium (Zr) Metal is a lustrous, gray-white, strong transition metal that resembles titanium and is very corrosion resistant. It is a highly flammable solid and a dust explosion hazard. Zirconium does not absorb neutrons, making it an ideal material for nuclear power stations, where more than 90% of zirconium is used.

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