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Metals

Metals are characterized by their ability to conduct heat and electricity, metallic luster, and high melting and boiling points. Metals are widely used in various industrial applications due to their unique properties, such as strength, ductility, malleability, and corrosion resistance.

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Additive Manufacturing Powders
Additive Manufacturing Powders

Reade is proud to offer cutting-edge powders designed for many additive manufacturing applications. Our additive powders are meticulously crafted using state-of-the-art atomization technology. These metal additive powders have undergone rigorous testing and have proven their grit in various additive processes. Whether it's powder bed fusion, direct energy deposition, or binder jet technology, our powders consistently deliver exceptional performance, making them a reliable choice for diverse applications. Embracing metal additive manufacturing processes, often called metal 3D printing, marks a paradigm shift in design freedom, cost-effective manufacturing, and supply chain optimization. These proven processes are revolutionizing industries such as aerospace, oil and gas, automotive, energy, and medical sectors, allowing for the swift and efficient development and deployment of high-performance parts.

Aluminum (Al) Alloy Powders
Aluminum (Al) Alloy Powders
Commercially available P/M aluminum alloy powder compositions consist of pre-alloyed atomized aluminum powders, including various alloying elements such as zinc, copper, magnesium, manganese, titanium, and silicon. Typical aluminum alloys include AA 2000, 4000, 5000, 6000, 7000, and 8000 series high-purity aluminum (99.9%+). Aluminum Alloy Powder Size Range is 5-200 Microns. Additive Manufacturing aluminum alloy powders are available with a particle size distribution of -53/+15 microns. Additive Manufacturing aluminum alloy powder with a coarser grade is also available in a particle size range of -65/+20 microns.
Aluminum (Al) Chopped Wire
Aluminum (Al) Chopped Wire
Aluminum wire cut into pieces. Purities are available from as high of a typical purity of 99.99% down to low-purity recycled scrap aluminum alloys. EC Chops are available in a wide range of sizes.
Aluminum (Al) Metal
Aluminum (Al) Metal
Pure aluminum is a lightweight silvery-white metal. It is soft and malleable with a low density. It is non-toxic and with high tensile strength. It has high thermal conductivity and excellent corrosion resistance and can be easily cast, machined, and formed. It is non-magnetic and non-sparking. Weight for weight is twice as good as a conductor of electricity as copper. Purities are available from as high of a typical purity of 99.996% down for some granulations to low-purity recycled scrap aluminum alloys.
Aluminum-Beryllium (Al-Be) Alloy
Aluminum-Beryllium (Al-Be) Alloy
Al-Be combines the high modulus and low density of beryllium with the strength, ductility, and fabrication ability of aluminum. Al-Be alloys have physical and mechanical properties that exceed standard aluminum alloys. Its mechanical stability, dampening, thermal management, and reduced weight are all enhanced. The alloy has a high modulus-to-density ratio (3.8 times that of aluminum or steel), greatly reducing the chance of flexure and mechanical failure.
Aluminum Bronze-Spherical
Aluminum Bronze-Spherical
Aluminum bronze is a copper-based alloy of which aluminum is the main alloying metal added to copper. The aluminum adds strength, corrosion resistance, hardness, resistance to wear and galling, low magnetic permeability, resistance to cavitation, erosion, softening, and oxidation at elevated temperatures. Aluminum bronze also offers an ease of weldability. These spherical aluminum bronze powders offer excellent packing density, low viscosity mixing, and predictable flow rates.
Babbitt Metal
Babbitt Metal

Babbitt metals are one of several alloys used for the bearing surface in a plain bearing. Babbitt metals are characterized by their resistance to galling. The Babbitt metals provide sufficient softness for excellent conformability and embeddability, offering good fluid-forming properties. They are easily cast, can be rigidly bonded to Cast Iron, Steel, or Bronze, run satisfactorily against a Steel shaft, and show excellent corrosion resistance. Babbitting is a process by which softer metals are bonded chemically or mechanically to a shell or stiffener, which supports the weight and torsion of a rotating, oscillating, or sliding shaft. All Babbitt metals are available as Ingot.

Beryllium (Be) Metal
Beryllium (Be) Metal

Beryllium is a silvery-white metal that is relatively soft and has a low density. Although it is the lightest structural metal, it has high tensile strength and stiffness. It has one of the highest melting points of light metals. At ordinary temperatures, beryllium resists oxidation in air and is resistant to concentrated nitric acid. Beryllium is nonmagnetic, offers excellent electrical and thermal conductivity, has a high heat capacity, and can take a high polish. Purity 98.0% up to 99.9999% pure, along with Be alloys

Beryllium Copper
Beryllium Copper

Beryllium Copper is a bronze-colored versatile high-strength copper-based alloy that has high electrical and thermal conductivity and high ductility. It is non-magnetic and non-sparking. It has good corrosion and oxidation resistance. It has excellent metalworking, forming, and machining qualities and can be stamped into complex shapes with tight tolerances

Bismuth (Bi) Metal
Bismuth (Bi) Metal
Bismuth (Bi) is hard, brittle, lustrous, and coarsely gray crystalline with a reddish tinge and of a high density. While it is a poor conductor of electricity, bismuth has the greatest increase in electrical resistance when placed in a magnetic field of any metal. Bismuth's thermal conductivity is lower than all other metals except mercury. Purities available from 99% up to 99.999% Bismuth needles are available with a purity of 99.9%
Boron Aluminide (BAl)
Boron Aluminide (BAl)
Boron aluminide is an intermetallic alloy of boron and aluminum with properties similar to both ceramic and metal.
Boron Carbide (B₄C)
Boron Carbide (B₄C)
Boron carbide, or "black diamond", is an extremely hard ceramic material that is a black crystal with a metallic luster. It has physical properties, including hardness, that rank only second to diamond. It is a high-performance abrasive material that is chemically resistant. It has a melting point of 2350ºC high thermal neutron capture capability, is wear-resisting, and has semiconducting properties.
Brass Metal (Cu-Zn)
Brass Metal (Cu-Zn)
A bright alloy consisting mainly of copper (over 50%) and zinc. This alloy is used across multiple industries. Each variation has differing properties, with lower zinc content variations being more ductile and higher zinc variations being harder and stronger. All varieties have excellent machinability, are ductile, corrosion-resistant, and have high electrical conductivity and a low friction nature.
Bronze (Cu:Sn) Powder
Bronze (Cu:Sn) Powder
Bronze is an alloy made from copper and tin. Typically, bronze powder comprises 90% Copper (Cu) and 10% Tin (Sn). The bronze powder can be mixed with a binder to make metallic oil paint. Pre-Alloy Bronze: Copper and tin that has been alloyed pre atomization and is available in irregular, semi-spherical, and spherical particle shape. The individual properties of the pre-alloy bronze products will vary with the different particle shapes. PreMix Bronze: Premix bronze powders are a homogeneous mixture of copper, tin, graphite, iron, and lubricants, typically used for sintered bronze bearings and bushings. White Bronze: White bronze is an alloy made from 60% copper and 40% tin alloy. It is an atomized bronze powder.
Calcium (Ca) Metal
Calcium (Ca) Metal
Calcium (Ca) is a silvery-white, soft, relatively light alkaline earth metal that does not naturally occur in its free state. It is the most unreactive of this family; however, it still tarnishes rapidly in the air and reacts with water. Purity: 98%, 99%, 99.5%, 99.987%, and 99.99%
Cerium (Ce) Metal
Cerium (Ce) Metal

Cerium (Ce) is a rare earth metal that is an iron-gray, soft, ductile, and malleable metal. It is the most abundant of the rare earth elements. It is a reactive metal that rapidly oxidizes in air to form a superficial oxide coating. The metal reacts slowly with cold water and rapidly with hot water. It is readily dissolved in mineral acids and will react with most nonmetals on heating. Purity: 99.9-99.95%

Cerro Alloys (Low Melting Point Alloys)
Cerro Alloys (Low Melting Point Alloys)

Reade offers 16 varieties of low-melting-point metals, known as Cerro alloys. These low-melt alloys are metal alloys that have melting temperatures that range between 117º F. and 440º F and contain a mixture of bismuth, lead, tin, cadmium, and/or indium. These alloys expand only ~3.3% of their volume when changing from liquid to solid form, making them ideal for many industrial applications.

Cesium (Cs) Metal
Cesium (Cs) Metal
Cesium (Cs) is a soft, ductile, gold-colored alkali metal. Cesium reacts quickly when attacked by air and reacts violently with water, so it should be stored accordingly. It has the lowest melting point of any alkali metal and is liquid at room temperature. It is photoemissive. Purity: 99.9%
Chromium (Cr)
Chromium (Cr)
Chromium (Cr) is a steel-gray, lustrous, and hard metal, with high corrosion and tarnish resistance since chromium does not oxidize in air, even in extreme moisture. Purity range: 99%-99.998%
Cobalt (Co) Metal
Cobalt (Co) Metal
Cobalt (Co) Metal is a lustrous, silvery-blue metal that is magnetic and attractive. Cobalt is hard and resistant to corrosion Purity from 99.5% - 99.9%
Constantan Alloy
Constantan Alloy
A copper-nickel alloy that contains minor amounts of additional elements, in this case, manganese, and iron, to achieve precise values for the temperature coefficient of resistivity for strain gauges. This alloy employs an adequately high strain sensitivity or gauge factor. Its resistivity is high enough to achieve suitable resistance values in very small grids, and its temperature coefficient of resistance is not excessive while having good fatigue life and relatively high elongation capability. Chemical Composition: Cu= 53.8% Ni= 44.2%, Mn= 1.5%, Fe= 0.5%
Copper (Cu) Chops
Copper (Cu) Chops
Copper (Cu) Chops is salvaged chopped-up copper wire. Purity From 95%+
Copper (Cu) Metal
Copper (Cu) Metal

Copper (Cu) is one of the most important elements. It is a reddish metal that is malleable and ductile with a bright metallic luster. Copper is a good conductor of heat and electricity (second only to silver in electrical conductivity). Purity from 98% to 99.999%

Copper Phosphorus Alloy
Copper Phosphorus Alloy

Copper Phosphorus (CuP) Alloy is an alloy made from copper being deoxidized with phosphorus. This is the most commonly used deoxidized copper. This master alloy is used as a deoxidant and alloying agent in the copper industry and also has applications in the aluminum, bronze, and brass industry. Copper is corrosion-resistant, but this property becomes enhanced with added phosphor. There is an increase in tensile strength, a reduction in brittleness characteristics, and an improvement in machinability and workability with the phosphorus addition to copper. Reade offers one grade for the aluminum industry and three grades for the copper industry.

Dysprosium (Dy) Metal
Dysprosium (Dy) Metal
Dysprosium (Dy) is a hard, bright shiny silvery-white rare earth metal that is never found in nature as a free element, but found within various minerals. It reacts slowly to moisture in the air and burns readily. Dysprosium has high magnetic strength and is heat resistant to demagnetization, making it an attractive component for magnets used in green energy, i.e., motors of wind turbines and electric vehicles, increasing demand. Purity: 99.9% (REO basis)
Electrolytic Iron
Electrolytic Iron
Electrolytic iron is the purest form of iron, whereby commercial iron has all impurities removed through electrolysis. This electrochemical refining process helps to ensure uniform chemical composition and tight particle size distributions. Cathode deposit is supplied as small, smooth, irregularly shaped iron pieces. Chip from bright annealed and polished high-purity electrolytic iron chips, nominally 3/32” x 3/32” (2.5 x 2.5 mm) approximately 1/64” (400 μm) thick. The chips grade is known for its extremely low sulfur and carbon content and smooth polished uniform chips, which are easy to measure and disperse. Powder grade is available as annealed, unannealed in three different mesh sizes, or kosher certified. Purity 97%+
Erbium (Er) Metal
Erbium (Er) Metal
Erbium (Er) is a Rare Earth Metal. It is a soft, silvery element that is malleable and bright. Erbium finds little use as a metal It does not oxidize as rapidly as some of the other rare earth metals as it is fairly stable in air. Erbium has a high electrical resistivity. Purity 99-99.9%
Europium (Eu) Metal
Europium (Eu) Metal
Europium (Eu) is a rare earth metal that is silvery-white. It is the least dense, softest, and most ductile of the lanthanide series. Europium is the most volatile of the rare earth metals and quickly oxidizes in air and reacts in water. Purity- 99-99.9%
Ferro-Tic® Alloys
Ferro-Tic® Alloys

Ferro-Tic® is a family of steel or alloy-bonded carbides and a registered trademark of Ferro-Tic Inc. Extremely hard titanium carbide grains are uniformly distributed through a hardenable steel or alloy matrix. Ferro-Tic alloys are readily machinable in the annealed condition. After machining, they can be hardened up to 70 HRC. Seven different grades of Ferro-Tic® have been formulated to provide a variety of physical and mechanical properties depending on the operating environment. Ferro-Tic® alloys have outstanding properties to withstand the wear caused by corrosion and abrasion and outlast conventional tool steels by 10x. They increase parts' lifetime and productivity via their superior wear resistance while being 10-20% lighter than their steel counterpart and about 50% lighter than tungsten carbide.

Ferro Titanium (FeTi)
Ferro Titanium (FeTi)

Ferro titanium is an alloy composed of iron (Fe) and titanium (Ti). Reade offers a 40% Ferro titanium that is a low aluminum grade. Ferro titanium is used to increase strength, toughness, and resistance to corrosion. It also improves the weldability and machinability of metals it is added to.

FerroAluminum
FerroAluminum
Ferroaluminum (FeAl) is an alloy containing iron and aluminum that has a variety of industrial uses. This ferroalloy usually consists of 40%-60% aluminum but can contain as much as 80%. The presence of iron in aluminum helps in the decrease of casting defects. It improves tensile, yield, and hardness while maintaining strength at high temperatures.
FerroBoron
FerroBoron

Ferroboron (FeB) is an iron-boron alloy containing 10-20% boron. This ferroalloy is the most economical boron additive for steel and several other ferrous metals. It is added to the steel to improve its properties and used in producing amorphous metals.

FerroChromium
FerroChromium

FerroChromium (FeCr) is an alloy containing Iron and Chromium, generally containing 50 to 70% chromium by weight. This ferroalloy is used in producing steel, especially stainless steel, to achieve corrosion resistance, tensile strength, heat resistance, and yield strength.

Ferromanganese
Ferromanganese
Ferromanganese (FeMn) is an alloy of iron and manganese usually containing about 80% manganese. This ferroalloy is used in steel production. It imparts metallurgical properties such as increased strength, hardness, toughness, and hardenability.
FerroNiobium/ FerroColumbium
FerroNiobium/ FerroColumbium

FerroNiobium (FerroColumbium, FeNb) is an alloy of iron and niobium, with a niobium content of 60-70%. This ferroalloy is the main source of niobium alloying of high-strength low-alloy steel (HSLA), increasing steel’s corrosion resistance while making it stronger and lighter than pure steel. Ferroniobium powder helps to increase resistance during high temperatures and prevents corrosion, oxidation, and erosion.

FerroSilicon
FerroSilicon

Ferrosilicon (FeSi) is an alloy of iron and silicon used in steel production. This ferroalloy is used in steel production and casting, increasing hardness and deoxidizing properties and improving the strength and quality of iron steel products.

FerroTantalum
FerroTantalum

FerroTantalum (FeTa), is an alloy containing iron and tantalum. This ferroalloy is used as an additive in the iron and steel industries to form stronger, hardened special steels. The appearance is dark gray.

FerroTungsten
FerroTungsten

Ferrotungsten (FeW) is an alloy containing iron and tungsten. This ferroalloy is used for the production of tungsten-containing steels. Ferro tungsten typically consists of either 75-82% or 70-75% tungsten, depending on its grade. This master alloy is a robust alloy with a high melting point, and the addition of tungsten overcomes iron's brittleness, making it a durable material.

FerroVanadium
FerroVanadium

Ferrovanadium (FeV) is an alloy containing Iron and Vanadium that contains 35-80% vanadium. This ferroalloy is used as an additive to improve the quality of ferroalloys and in manufacturing steel products that need to be lightweight and have high tensile strength. It improves steel's resistance from corrosion to sulfuric and hydrochloric acids and alkali solutions.

Gadolinium (Gd) Metal
Gadolinium (Gd) Metal
Gadolinium (Gd) is a rare earth metal that is moderately ductile, hard, and fairly stable in the air. Gadolinium reacts slowly with water and rapidly with most diluted acids. Gadolinium has unusual superconductive properties when alloyed with iron, chromium, or related metals and is found to greatly improve workability and resistance to temperature and oxidation. Gadolinium also has unique magnetic properties and demonstrates ferromagnetic properties near room temp but paramagnetic properties above this temp. Purity: 99.9%
Gallium (Ga) Metal
Gallium (Ga) Metal
Gallium (Ga) Metal is soft and silvery and does not occur as a free element in nature. It has one of the longest liquid ranges of any metal, with a low vapor pressure even at high temperatures and a tendency to remain in a supercool state. Gallium can be molten at room temperature. It has a higher density as a liquid than as a solid. Gallium can be alloyed with most metals and is done so to reduce the melting point. Gallium can convert electricity to light. Its properties make Gallium considered a technology-critical element by the United States National Library of Medicine. Gallium is available in ultra high pure form of up to 8N or 99.999999% purity.
Gold (Au) Metal
Gold (Au) Metal

Gold (Au) Metal is a soft, ductile, and malleable metal with a characteristic yellow color. It is a good conductor of heat and electricity and is chemically unreactive to most reagents, including oxidation. It is an excellent reflector of infrared and is extremely light-reflective. The freezing point of gold serves as a calibration point for the International Temperature Scales. It is often alloyed with other metals to enhance its strength.

99% up to 99.999%

Hafnium (Hf) Metal
Hafnium (Hf) Metal
Hafnium (Hf) Metal is a ductile silvery metal that is corrosion resistant. Hafnium has a very high melting point. Hafnium is chemically resemblant to zirconium, found in zirconium minerals, and hafnium’s properties are highly affected by the extent of zirconium impurity. Hafnium is a good absorber of neutrons. 99.7% minimum. Higher purities are available.
Hastelloy Alloys
Hastelloy Alloys

Hastelloy is used for a wide range of chemical processing, pollution control, and waste treatment applications to protect equipment from aqueous corrodents.

Holmium (Ho) Metal
Holmium (Ho) Metal
Holmium (Ho) is a rare earth metal that is moderately hard and relatively stable in the air. However, it is reactive with most acids. The metal is relatively soft, malleable, and has the highest magnetic strength of any element. Purity Range 99-99.9%
Inconel Alloys
Inconel Alloys

Inconel alloys are a class of nickel-chrome-based super alloys characterized by high corrosion resistance, oxidation resistance, strength at high temperatures, and creep resistance. Inconel, however, is harder to machine and harder to work than other alloys. Different Inconels have varying compositions, but all are predominantly nickel, with chromium as the second element. Inconel 600 is a nickel-chromium alloy designed for use from cryogenic to elevated temperatures in the range of 2000 deg F Inconel 617 is a material with excellent resistance to pitting, crevice, and corrosion cracking, has high-temperature strength and oxidation resistance. The alloy also has excellent resistance to a wide range of corrosive environments Inconel 625 is highly resistant to a wide range of organic and mineral acids. Good high-temperature strength. Inconel 718 is a Gamma Prime strengthened alloy with excellent mechanical properties at elevated temperatures and cryogenic temperatures. Suitable for temperatures up to around 1300 F. Can be readily worked and age-hardened.

Indium (In) Metal
Indium (In) Metal
Indium (In) Metal is a soft, ductile, malleable, luster-full silvery-white metal. Indium is one of the least abundant minerals on Earth. While it has been found uncombined naturally, it is usually associated with zinc, iron, lead, and copper ores. It retains many physical properties at cryogenic temperatures and acts like tin, emitting a high-pitched sound when bent. It is thermally and electrically conductive. It is found in many fusible alloys. Indium metal also can stick to glass. Purity: 99.9 - 99.999%
Invar 36 / Nilvar Metal (FeNi)
Invar 36 / Nilvar Metal (FeNi)

Invar 36 Alloy is a solid single-phase alloy that primarily consists of 36% nickel and iron. Nickel Alloy 36 has a low coefficient of expansion and possesses a thermal expansion rate of approximately one-tenth that of carbon steel. This nickel-iron alloy is tough, versatile, retains good strength at wide ranges of temperature, can be hot and cold formed and machined, and is also weldable.

Iridium (Ir) Metal
Iridium (Ir) Metal
Iridium (Ir) is the most corrosion-resistant material. It is a silvery metal that is unreactive, dense and has a high melting point. It is hard and brittle, with low ductility making it difficult to machine, form, or work. It is mainly used in platinum alloys and a 90/10 platinum-iridium alloy for the standard kilogram mass. Purity 99.9%
Iron Aluminide (Fe₃Al)
Iron Aluminide (Fe₃Al)
Iron Aluminide is a high-yield and ultimate tensile strength iron-based alloy with a lower density than stainless steel. It has excellent oxidation and sulfidation resistance at high temperatures.
Iron (Fe) Metal
Iron (Fe) Metal
Iron metal is a silvery-white, soft metal that encompasses any iron-based powder. It includes carbonyl iron powder and atomized iron powder. Sponge iron can be found here sponge iron powder. Reade offers a range of iron powders including a food grade suitable for iron enrichment.
Lanthanum (La) Metal
Lanthanum (La) Metal
Lanthanum (La) is one of the most reactive rare earth metals. It is silvery-white, soft, ductile, and malleable. It oxidizes rapidly when exposed to air and reacts with water temperature dependently. It burns easily when ignited.
Lithium (Li) Metal
Lithium (Li) Metal
Lithium (Li) is a soft, silvery alkali metal. While it is the least reactive of the alkali metals, it reacts vigorously with water. Lithium has the lowest density of all metals; however, it has the highest specific heat of any solid element, making it useful in heat transfer applications.
Lutetium (Lu) Metal & Granules
Lutetium (Lu) Metal & Granules
Lutetium (Lu) is a rare earth metal silvery-white, hard, and dense with a high melting point. Lutetium is relatively stable in the air and reacts slowly with water. Purity 99-99.9%
Magnesium Aluminum Alloy Powder
Magnesium Aluminum Alloy Powder

Mg-AL Alloys with high amounts of magnesium (around 50%) are brittle and more susceptible to corrosion than aluminum making them unsuitable for most engineering uses. These alloys are flammable when powdered, are more resistant to corrosion than pure magnesium, and are more reactive than pure aluminum, making them useful for pyrotechnics as a metal fuel and to produce sparks. The brittleness of the alloy makes it easily broken by a hammer and ground into usable powder, which is beneficial for pyrotechnics. Magnesium Aluminum powder is a silver-gray solid metallic powder.

Magnesium (Mg) Metal
Magnesium (Mg) Metal

Magnesium (Mg) is a light, moderately hard, silvery-white metal that ignites easily in the air and burns with a bright light. It is strong, has good heat dissipation and dampening, and is easy to weld, forge, cast or machine. It can improve the mechanical, fabrication, and welding characteristics when used as an alloying agent since it has a low density and is the lightest structural metal (a third lighter than aluminum). It also has good electrical properties. Magnesium turnings and chips are produced by milling commercial and high-purity magnesium, keeping size under control to obtain the desired specific surface and reactivity. They are silver-white. initially, but can turn to a dark gray if stored improperly. Purity: Standard purity (99.8% Mg) Ultra-high purity (99.98% Mg)

Magnesium (Mg) Powder
Magnesium (Mg) Powder

Magnesium (Mg) Powder is a light, moderately hard, silvery-white metal that ignites easily in the air and burns with a bright light. It is strong, has good heat dissipation and dampening, and is easy to weld, forge, cast or machine. It can improve the mechanical, fabrication, and welding characteristics when used as an alloying agent since it has a low density and is the lightest structural metal (a third lighter than aluminum). It also has good electrical properties. Purity: 99.95% ("ultra-pure" magnesium) 99.8% ("pure" magnesium) 99.7% or less (alloyed magnesium)

Manganese (Mn) Metal
Manganese (Mn) Metal
Manganese (Mn) Metal is a lustrous, steel-gray metal that resembles iron but is harder and very brittle, making its applications as a pure metal minimal, and mainly used in alloys, such as steel. In steel, manganese greatly improves strength, wear resistance, hardness, and many other qualities, and forms highly ferromagnetic alloys when combined with aluminum and antimony or copper. Typical "as received" Physical Properties of -325 Mesh* Electrolytic Manganese Powder Apparent Density g/cm3: 2.4 - 3.4 Purity: 99.6% up to 99.99%
Manganin Alloy
Manganin Alloy

Manganin is a trademarked name for an alloy of typically 86% copper, 12% manganese, and 2% nickel. It has a very low-temperature coefficient of the resistance value, and its electrical resistance is found to be constant over a range of temperatures.

Metal Solder
Metal Solder
Solder is a versatile metal alloy used for joining or repairing metal components in various industries, including electronics, plumbing, and jewelry making. Made from a combination of metals such as lead, tin, and copper, solder has a low melting point, making it easy to use in various applications. Solder comes in various forms, each with unique properties, making it ideal for specific applications. Regardless of the form, solder is easy to work with and provides a durable bond. Solder also has good electrical conductivity, making it an ideal choice for electrical applications.
Misch Metal
Misch Metal
Misch Metal is an alloy of cerium (50%), lanthanum (25%), neodymium (18%), praseodymium (5%), and other rare earth metals to improve the physical properties of an existing alloy. Misch metal is mixed with iron to improve its malleability. It is added to copper alloys to make them harder. Mischmetal is added to aluminum alloys to make them stronger. In combination with magnesium alloys, mischmetal reduces creep. Nickel alloys are added to reduce oxidation.
Molybdenum (Mo) Metal
Molybdenum (Mo) Metal
Molybdenum (Mo) metal is silvery-white and hard but softer and more ductile than tungsten. Molybdenum has a high melting point, good resistance to corrosion, excellent wear and abrasion resistance, and good electrical and thermal conducting properties. It is valuable for alloying, as it improves the hardenability and toughness of quenched and tempered steels. Its powder is dark gray or black lustrous. Purity 99.7% to 99.98%
Nanorods
Nanorods

Nanorods, or quantum rods, are short nanowires that seem rigid and straight and are one-dimensional structures that provide a directed path for electrical transport. They are shaped like long sticks or dowels with a diameter in the nanoscale but a length that is much longer and aspect ratios between 2 and 50. Their mechanical, electrical, and optical properties depend upon their size, allowing for multiple applications. Also, nanorods may be functionalized for different applications.

Neodymium (Nd) Metal
Neodymium (Nd) Metal

Neodymium (Nd) is a rare earth metal that is a soft, malleable, silvery-white metal and tarnishes in the air. It is one of the more reactive rare earth metals. It has a high electrical resistivity and is paramagnetic.

Purity 99-99.999%

Nickel Aluminum Bronze
Nickel Aluminum Bronze
Nickel aluminum bronze alloys are copper-based metals that are alloyed with aluminum and additions of iron and nickel. Aluminum content in bronze results in higher strength and corrosion resistance. The addition of nickel enhances both of these properties. The iron acts as a grain refiner, increasing tensile strength without diminishing the alloy's excellent ductility and toughness. Aluminum 9.0% max, Iron 4.0% max, Manganese 1.5% max, Nickel 5% max, Lead 0.03% max, Copper Bal.
Nickel-Chromium Alloys
Nickel-Chromium Alloys

Nickel-Chromium Alloys (NiCr), or Nichrome, are composed of different ratios of nickel and chromium, with the most common being Nichrome 80/20. Nichrome is silver-gray in color, is very durable, and has a very high melting point of ~1400 degrees C. It is resistant to electrical flow, heat, corrosion, and wear. This resistance to oxidation makes nichrome popular for use in heating elements.

Nickel-Manganese Alloy
Nickel-Manganese Alloy

An alloy of nickel (Ni) and manganese (Mn) used as a master alloy (NiM)

Nickel (Ni) Metal
Nickel (Ni) Metal
Nickel (Ni) is a lustrous, silvery-white metal with excellent corrosion resistance, even at higher temperatures. It is hard, malleable, ductile, ferromagnetic, and a reasonably charged conductor of heat and electricity. A member of the iron-cobalt group of metals, nickel is extensively used for making stainless steel and other corrosion-resistant alloys.
Nickel-Silver Alloy
Nickel-Silver Alloy
Nickel silver, also known as German silver, Argentan, paktong, new silver, nickel brass, or alpacca (or alpaca), is a copper alloy with nickel and often zinc. It is named for its silvery appearance and does not contain the element silver (Ag). These blends offer high strength, durability, and high corrosion resistance. Many different formulations of alloys fall within the general term of "Nickel Silver;” include your required chemistry in the additional notes.
Nimonic Alloy
Nimonic Alloy

NIMONIC alloys are primarily composed of nickel and chromium, with other metals, such as titanium or aluminum, added in depending on the variety. These alloys are known for their high temperature, low creep, and high performance. Due to its ability to withstand very high temperatures, Nimonic is ideal for aircraft parts and gas turbine components, such as exhaust nozzles on jet engines, where the pressure and heat are extreme.

Niobium (Nb) Metal
Niobium (Nb) Metal

Niobium (Nb), also referred to as Columbium, is a silvery metal that is very resistant to corrosion due to a layer of oxide on its surface. It has superconductive properties and is comparatively soft and ductile when very pure. Niobium improves strength when used in alloying. 99.8% up to 99.99%

Osmium (Os) Metal
Osmium (Os) Metal
One of the platinum group metals, osmium (Os), is bluish-white, lustrous, extremely hard, and brittle. It is the densest of all the elements, twice that of lead, making it very hard to fabricate. Its properties make it ideal for combining with other platinum metals to produce very hard alloys. Osmium has the platinum group's highest melting point and lowest vapor pressure. Osmium is relatively inert in ambient conditions; however, Osmium powder or sponge is pyrophoric.
Palladium (Pd) Metal
Palladium (Pd) Metal
Palladium (Pd) belongs to the platinum group of metals. Palladium is steel-white in color, except in powder form when it appears black. Palladium resists tarnishing in the air; it is soft and ductile if annealed. Palladium has the lowest density and melting point of the platinum metals and is the most reactive. At room temperature, palladium absorbs up to 900 times its volume of hydrogen.
Permalloy Alloys
Permalloy Alloys

Permalloy (Ni-Fe) is the generic term for a nickel-iron magnetic alloy with about 20% iron (Fe) and 80% nickel (Ni) content (although other formulations are available. It has a very high magnetic permeability, low coercivity, near zero magnetostriction, and significant anisotropic magnetoresistance. These properties are critical for its industrial applications, allowing it to be used in thin films where variable stresses would otherwise cause large variations in magnetic properties. Superalloy (Ni-Fe-Mo) is an alloy composed of Ni (75%), Fe (20%), and Mo (5%) and is a magnetically soft material with extremely high magnetic permeability and low coercivity.

Piezoelectric Alloy Powders
Piezoelectric Alloy Powders

Reade’s piezoelectric alloy powders are ceramics that can generate a voltage in response to mechanical stress. The following categories of piezoelectric powder are available from Reade: Bismuth Titanate (BiT) Lead Titanate (PT) Barium Titanate (BT) Lead Metaniobate Hard Lead Titanate Zirconate (Hard PZT ) Soft Lead Titanate Zirconate (Soft PZT) "Soft" and "hard" piezo ceramics refer to dipole or domain mobility along with polarization and depolarization behavior. The use or application of the powder will determine which alloy powder is best. For example, soft piezoceramics with low polarity reversal field strengths are used for actuator applications, whereas a hard PZT material is used in high-power acoustic applications. Our lead-free piezo ceramics (BiT and BT) are used especially as ultrasonic transducers or crystalline actuator materials.

Platinum (Pt) Metal
Platinum (Pt) Metal
Platinum (Pt) is a shiny, silvery-white metal that is corrosion-resistant as much so as gold. It is malleable and ductile when pure.
Platinum-Rhodium Alloy
Platinum-Rhodium Alloy

Platinum-Rhodium Alloy (PtRh) is a platinum-based binary alloy with up to 30% Rhodium that is a continuous solid solution at high temperatures. Rhodium improves the thermoelectricity, oxidation resistance, and acid corrosion resistance of the alloy to platinum. As the concentration of rhodium increases, so does the chemical resistance and hardness of the alloy.

Potassium (K) Metal
Potassium (K) Metal
Potassium is silvery-white, soft, and light. It is the second lightest-known metal besides lithium. It has a low melting point and good conductor of heat and electricity. Potassium imparts a lavender color to a flame, and its vapor is green. It is usually not found in its native form in nature but in minerals in igneous rocks, shale, and sediment. It is one of the most electropositive metals, so it, like other alkali metals, is extremely reactive, decomposing rapidly in water, where it can ignite spontaneously. Purity: 98-99.5%
Praseodymium (Pr) Metal
Praseodymium (Pr) Metal

Praseodymium (Pr) is a rare earth metal that is soft, silvery-yellow, malleable, and ductile. It is more corrosion-resistant in the air than other rare earth metals. Praseodymium is never found free in nature, appearing only in a combined form with other rare earth metals in various minerals. Praseodymium forms brightly colored compounds. Purity 99-99.9%

Raney Nickel (Nickel Aluminide) (NiAl)
Raney Nickel (Nickel Aluminide) (NiAl)
Nickel aluminide (NiAl) is a sintered compound of nickel and aluminum that has good high-temperature heat, thermal shock, and oxidation resistance. It has a low density but sizable transverse rupture strength (twice that of cobalt-bonded titanium carbide) and has impact resistance better than most ceramic, intermetallic compounds, and some cermets. It is used for highly stressed parts in high-temperature equipment. The wire form of Raney nickel wire form is used for welding, flame coating, and hard surfacing. NiAl also is resistant to attack by molten glass and red and white fuming nitric acid. Purity 99.0%
René® Superalloys (41, 80, 95)
René® Superalloys (41, 80, 95)
René® superalloys are age-hardened nickel-chromium alloys that have high strength and are high-temperature and corrosion-resistant. They are suitable for use at both cryogenic temperatures as well as higher temperature use up to 1300 F. René® 41 Chemical Composition Cr= 18.00-20.00%, Ni= remainder, Mo= 9.00-10.50%, Co= 10.00-12.00%, Al= 1.40-1.80%, Ti= 3.00-3.30%, Fe= 5.00% max., plus other minor impurities René 80: Ni= 60.0%, Cr= 14.0%, Co= 9.5%, Ti= 5.0%, Mo= 4.0%, W= 4.0%, Al= 3.0%, C= 0.17%, B= 0.015% and Zr= 0.03% René® 80 Chemical Composition: Ni= 60.0%, Cr= 14.0%, Co= 9.5%, Ti= 5.0%, Mo= 4.0%, W= 4.0%, Al= 3.0%, C= 0.17%, B= 0.015% and Zr= 0.03% René®95 Chemical Composition René 95: Ni= 61.0%, Cr= 14.0%, Co= 8.0%, Mo= 3.5%, W= 3.5%, Nb= 3.5%, Al= 3.5%, Ti= 2.54%, Fe= <0.3%, C= 0.16%, B= 0.01% and Zr= 0.05%
Rhenium (Re) Metal
Rhenium (Re) Metal
Rhenium (Re) is a very dense metal with a very high melting point second only to tungsten. It retains its crystalline structure at temperatures up to its melting point. Rhenium resists wear and withstands arc corrosion. It is gray to black in powder form, silvery-white, and lustrous as a solid. Purity 99.99%
Rhodium (Rh) Metal
Rhodium (Rh) Metal
Rhodium (Rh) is a silvery-white metal in the platinum group. It has a very reflective surface. It is very hard, durable, and highly resistant to corrosion. It is harder and has a higher melting point than platinum and palladium, making it a useful hardening element in alloying. Rhodium has the highest electrical and thermal conductivity of the group. Purities Available: 99.8% to 99.95%
Rubidium (Rb) Metal
Rubidium (Rb) Metal

Rubidium (Ru) is a soft, silvery-white alkali metal. It is very electropositive and alkaline. Rubidium forms amalgams with mercury and alloys with gold, cesium, sodium, and potassium. It is highly reactive, igniting spontaneously in air and reacting vigorously in water. Rubidium has a high heat capacity and heat transfer coefficient. Purity 99.9%

Ruthenium (Ru) Metal
Ruthenium (Ru) Metal
Ruthenium (Ru) Metal, a member of the platinum group, is a hard, lustrous, white metal that does not tarnish at room temperatures and is inert to most other chemicals. It does not occur natively but in combination with other platinum group metals. Ruthenium combines with platinum and palladium as an effective hardener, creating extremely wear-resistant alloys. It improves the corrosion resistance of titanium and is superconductive when combined with molybdenum Purity 99.9%
Samarium (Sm) Metal
Samarium (Sm) Metal
Samarium (Sm) is a rare earth metal that does not occur freely in nature. It is a lustrous, brittle, silvery-yellow metal that tarnishes in the air and rapidly dissolves in most acids. Samarium has unique magnetic properties. Purity 99-99.9%
Scandium (Sc) Metal
Scandium (Sc) Metal
Scandium (Sc) is a silvery metal that tarnishes in the air, burns easily, and reacts with water. It is relatively soft and chemically similar to other rare earth metals and, while distributed widely, is not abundant. Scandium is lightweight, and its high melting point suggests applications within the aircraft industry. Purity 99-99.9%
Shape Memory Alloys (SMA)
Shape Memory Alloys (SMA)

Shape Memory Alloys are metallic materials that return to their original shape even if they become deformed after heating. These metals also have a quality called superelasticity.

Silicon-Germanium Alloy
Silicon-Germanium Alloy

Silicon germanium (SiGe) is an alloy that forms very high-speed transistors that can attain switching speeds greater than traditional semiconductors. This enables faster, more efficient devices to be manufactured using smaller, less noisy circuits than conventional silicon conductors. SiGe alloys consume less power, and extending the battery life of hand-held devices allows greater integration of components onto chips.

Silver (Ag) Metal
Silver (Ag) Metal
Silver (Ag) is a relatively soft, shiny metal that is more ductile and malleable than any other metal, excluding gold. Silver is the best reflector of visible light known (until air causes it to tarnish). In pure air and water, it is stable. Silver has the highest electrical and thermal conductivity of all metals. Silver has antibacterial properties. Purity: 99.5% to 99.999%
Sodium (Na) Metal
Sodium (Na) Metal
Sodium, (Na) metal is a soft, silvery-white alkali metal that appears wax-like at room temperature and is brittle when cold. Sodium, extremely reactive, tarnishes within seconds of being exposed to the air. It also reacts vigorously with water. Sodium has excellent electrical conductivity and is an important heat transfer agent. The ionic form is vital to animal life. Purity from 99.95%
Sponge Iron
Sponge Iron
Sponge iron, or direct reduced iron (DRI), is a highly porous, irregularly shaped sponge-like form of iron. It typically has lower bulk density and higher surface area than conventional powders (atomized or carbonyl). It is of high consistency and purity and has high green strength and low growth. Our sponge iron powders have fairly low carbon content (<1%) and typically >97% purity or higher.
Stainless Steel Powders
Stainless Steel Powders
Stainless Steel Powder has many characteristics and uses based on the grade and composition. As a whole, one of the key characteristics of stainless steel includes a chromium content between 10-30%. This allows the alloy to be more corrosion-resistant than other steels and have high strength, durability, and high and low-temperature resistance.
Strontium (Sr) Metal
Strontium (Sr) Metal
Strontium Metal (Sr) is a silvery-colored alkaline earth metal with physical and chemical properties similar to others in its family. It is a soft, silvery metal chemically reactive with oxygen and water. It is kept under mineral oil to prevent oxidation, which causes the metal to turn yellowish. Finely powdered strontium metal is pyrophoric. Strontium salts impart a bright red color when burned and are used in flares and pyrotechnics. Purity: 99.5% - 99.9%
Tantalum (Ta) Metal
Tantalum (Ta) Metal
Tantalum (Ta) is a shiny, silvery-gray, heavy, and very hard metal with a color like platinum when polished. It is very resistant to corrosion. It has good thermal conductivity, a high melting point, superior gettering characteristics, and good "valve" action. Purity: 99.9%, 99.95%, 99.98%, and 99.995%
Terbium (Tb) Metal
Terbium (Tb) Metal
Terbium (Tb) is a soft, silvery rare earth metal. It is one of the least abundant rare earth metals. It is malleable, ductile, and soft; it can be cut with a knife. Terbium is relatively stable in air but is more reactive in powder form. Purity 99-99.9%
Thallium (Tl) Metal
Thallium (Tl) Metal

Thallium (Tl) is a soft, silvery-white metal that tarnishes easily; its use is limited due to its toxicity. Thallium is very soft and malleable, inelastic, and heavy. Purity: 99.9%, 99.99%, and 99.999%

Thulium (Tm) Metal
Thulium (Tm) Metal
Thulium (Tm)is a rare earth metal and is one of the least abundant rare earth elements. It is silvery-gray, soft, malleable, ductile, and can be cut with a knife. The pure metal is bright and lustrous, and reasonably stable in air. Purity 99%
Tin (Sn) Metal
Tin (Sn) Metal
Tin (Sn) is a silvery-white, lustrous, malleable, ductile metal that changes slowly to a more brittle form below 55°F (13°C). Tin's chemical resistance and ability to be highly polished make it useful for coating other metals to prevent corrosion. Tin Powder is available in a near-teardrop particle shape. Tin nanopowder is available in a spherical particle shape. Purity >99.5% tin; Apparent density 2.0 g/cc to 4.0 g/cc
Titanium Alloys
Titanium Alloys
Titanium alloys contain mixtures of titanium and other chemical elements. They are lightweight alloys with high tensile strength and toughness, even at extreme temperatures. They are also very corrosion-resistant. Titanium alloys are generally classified into four main categories: Alpha alloys which contain neutral alloying elements and alpha stabilizers only and are not heat-treatable. Near-alpha alloys contain a small amount of ductile beta-phase. Alpha-beta alloys are metastable, generally include some combination of alpha and beta stabilizers, and can be heat treated. Beta and near beta alloys are metastable and contain sufficient beta stabilizers to maintain the beta phase when quenched. They can also be solution-treated and aged to improve strength. The ASTM International standard on titanium and titanium alloy seamless pipe reference the following alloys, requiring the following treatment: Grades 1-4 are unalloyed and considered commercially pure. Generally, the tensile and yield strength goes up with the grade number for these "pure" grades. The difference in their physical properties is primarily due to the number of interstitial elements. Grade 7 contains 0.12 to 0.25% palladium. This grade is similar to Grade 2. The small quantity of palladium added gives it enhanced crevice corrosion resistance at low temperatures and high pH. Grade 11 contains 0.12 to 0.25% palladium. This grade has enhanced corrosion resistance.
Titanium (Ti) Metal
Titanium (Ti) Metal
Titanium (Ti) Metal is hard, shiny, and as strong as steel but less dense, giving it a high strength-to-weight ratio. It is a ductile metal that is paramagnetic and conducts heat and electricity relatively low compared to other metals. Titanium has excellent corrosion resistance. Titanium Sponge is an intermediate product used to produce titanium ingot, which in turn is used to make slab, billet, bar, plate, sheet, and other titanium mill products. Typical Purities: 93%, 99.7%, 99%, 99+%, 99.99%, 99.995%, and 99.999%, Ti-6Al-4V
Tool Steel / High-Speed Steel
Tool Steel / High-Speed Steel

High-Speed Steels / Tool Steel are high-performance special steels combining high toughness and hardness levels, have a high yield limit, high fatigue strength, and high fracture strength, and are suitable when abrasive/adhesive wear resistance is required. Tool steels can hold a cutting edge, resist deformation at elevated temperatures, and are useful for making objects intended to resist tampering (such as locks and hinges). Substantial proportions of elements like tungsten, molybdenum, vanadium, and chromium, which can form carbides, give tool steel these properties.

Tungsten (W) Metal
Tungsten (W) Metal
Tungsten is steel-gray to tin-white dense metal and, when very pure, can be forged, spun, drawn, and extruded. Tungsten is resistant to corrosion and stable in dry air at room temperature. Tungsten's melting point exceeds that of all other metals, and it has the lowest vapor pressure and retains its tensile strength even at extreme temperatures. Tungsten has the lowest coefficient of thermal expansion of any pure metal. Tungsten is mostly non-reactive, so it has corrosion resistance and is attacked only slightly by mineral acids. Purity: 99.9%, 99.95%, and 99.999%
TZM Molybdenum Alloy
TZM Molybdenum Alloy

Molybdenum alloy TZM is an alloy of molybdenum, titanium, zirconium, and carbon. It has a higher recrystallization temperature, creep strength, and tensile strength than pure molybdenum. AM TZM Powder in two particle size options to accommodate different additive manufacturing techniques. Choose from L-PBF (-50+15µm) and DED (-150+40µm) particle sizes. Additionally, if you have specific size requirements, we are equipped to produce custom sizes tailored to your needs.

Vanadium (V) Metal
Vanadium (V) Metal
Vanadium is bright, silvery-white, soft, and ductile, and does not tarnish in the air nor is it affected by moisture at room temperature (above 660ºC, it readily oxidizes). The metal is very resistant to corrosion and has good structural strength.80% of the vanadium produced is used as a steel additive. Vanadium’s low neutron-absorbing properties make its alloys useful in nuclear reactors. Purity: 99.5%, 99.7%, and 99.9%
Wood's Metal Alloy
Wood's Metal Alloy

Wood's metal is used for heating baths in laboratories and as an antifriction metal. Wood's metal is useful as a low-melting solder, low-temperature casting metal, high-temperature coupling fluid in heat baths, and a fire-melted valve element in building fire sprinkler systems. Another common use is as a filler when bending thin-walled metal tubes. Other uses include making custom-shaped apertures and blocks (for example, electron-beam cutouts and lung blocks) for medical radiation treatment and making metal inlays in the wood. Wood's metal is also useful for repairing antiques.

Ytterbium (Yb) Metal
Ytterbium (Yb) Metal

Ytterbium is used as a dopant to help improve the mechanical properties of stainless steel. It is also used as a doping material in specialty lasers. Other areas where Ytterbium is being used are memory devices and as an industrial catalyst to replace other catalysts considered too toxic and polluting due to its chemical racing ability.

Yttrium (Y) Metal
Yttrium (Y) Metal

Yttrium (Y) is a moderately soft, ductile, silvery rare earth metal. It is quite stable in the air and is reactive with most acids. Purity 99-99.9%

Zero-Valent Iron
Zero-Valent Iron

Zero-Valent Iron (ZVI / NZVI / EZVI) is a form of elemental iron that reduces inorganic ions in water because ZVI is fairly reactive in water and can serve as an excellent electron donor. Zero-valent iron (ZVI) has been successfully used for the degradation of a wide range of organic contaminants in groundwaters in recent years, including selenium (Se), arsenic (As), lead (Pb), and mercury (Hg), and many other pollutants. The rate of degradation of contaminants may be enhanced by the use of nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) particles which possess higher surface area than the more widely used granular materials. nZVI can also be used to create Emulsified Zero-valent Iron for groundwater treatment.

Zinc (Zn) Metal
Zinc (Zn) Metal

Zinc is a bluish-white, lustrous metal with fair electrical conductivity. It is brittle at room temperature but malleable at 100 to 150ºC. Zinc is used predominantly as an alloy with other metals to galvanize them to prevent rusting. Various purities are available between 99.9% to 99.9999%.

Zirconium (Zr) Metal
Zirconium (Zr) Metal
Zirconium (Zr) Metal is a lustrous, gray-white, strong transition metal that resembles titanium and is very corrosion resistant. It is a highly flammable solid and a dust explosion hazard. Zirconium does not absorb neutrons, making it an ideal material for nuclear power stations, where more than 90% of zirconium is used.

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